Wideman Comparative Glossary of Common Project Management Terms v3.1 is copyright by R. Max Wideman, March 2002.

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Project Success Criteria - to - PVWS

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Definition     Editor's Choice
Project Success Criteria
Criteria that should be clearly defined and agreed before significant development is initiated. These may be defined in a number of ways such as:

Success Criteria and the manner of their achievement should be documented in the project's strategy plan. [D03756]

Project Success/Failure Criteria
The criteria upon which the relative success or failure of a the project may be judged. Three basic sets of criteria can be identified:
  1. The sponsoring organization, owner or user.
  2. The traditional or classical project management one of on time, in budget or to specification.
  3. Project profitability.
It is important to note that criteria change with time. The fact that the original objectives were not achieved does not necessarily mean the project was a failure. [D03928]

The criteria by which the success or failure of a project may be assessed. [D01525]

Project Support Office
The central location of planning and project support functions that has the responsibility of managing resources across projects and maintaining planning standards. [D01526]

A resource that supports the project through the examination of project status information and the provision of project help as needed. [D03757]

Where a large number of projects are regularly undertaken it can be beneficial to concentrate the planning and project support functions in one area which has the responsibility of managing resources across projects and maintaining planning standards. [D03929]

Project Task Force
The project personnel, dedicated full time to the project business. (See Project Team.) [D01527]

Project Team
The central management group headed by a project manager and responsible for the management and successful outcome of the project. [D01533]

A term used to designate the personnel working on a project who report to the project manager administratively, not merely for the work on the project. [D01528]

 SPM 304-9
Group of persons organized for the purpose of executing a project or part of a project. (See also Project Group and Project Task Force.) [D01529]

The central management group of the project. The assembly of people, considered as a group, that shares responsibility for the accomplishment of project goals and who report either part-time or full-time to the project manager. [D01530]

The team set up to execute a project. [D01531]

 CPMUSC 176-8
Those who report to the project manager. [D01532]

Set of individuals, groups and/or organizations, including all contractors and consultants, that are responsible to the project manager for undertaking project tasks. [D04593]

The project team consists of the full-time and part-time resources assigned to work on the deliverables of the project, and achieve the project objectives. They are responsible for:
The project team can be made up from within one functional department or organization, or from many. A cross-functional team has members from multiple departments or organizations, and typically involves matrix management. [D05082]

Project Team Members
The people who report either directly or indirectly to the project manager. [D01534]

Project Teamwork
The forming of a group of people into a team that is to work together for the benefit of the project. It can be achieved in a formal manner by use of startup meetings, seminars, workshops, etc. and in an informal manner by getting the team to work well together. Motivating and resolving conflicts between individual members of the team are important elements of teamwork. Cultural characteristics of the team members should be given full consideration. Different cultures create different working needs. [D03758]

Project Technical Plan
A plan produced at the beginning of a project that addresses strategic issues related to quality control and configuration management. [D01535]

Project Termination
Conclusion of project activities. [D01536]

Project Time Frame
The overall period of time that encompasses the complete project life cycle. [D03199]

Project Time Management
A subset of project management that includes activity definition, activity sequencing, activity duration estimating, schedule development and schedule control in order to complete the project on time. [D01537]

Project Users
The persons who will actually use the product or results of a project in their operations. See also Participants and Constituents. [D03789]

Project Valuation
Estimating the value of the project for society, the client, etc. [D01538]

Project Visibility
The means by which project personnel and management become aware of project activity to facilitate timely statusing and effective corrective action. [D04202]

Project Vision
The picturing of the project's deliverable as the solution to the stated need or problem. [D03394]

Project Vision Statement
A written description of the Project Vision. [D01384]

Project Web Site
A viable alternative to a Communication Room, or War Room, where the project team is geographically dispersed. [D02487]

Project/Program Methodology
A documented process for the management of projects or programs containing procedures, definitions of terms and roles & responsibilities. [D03869]

Project-Based Management
See Enterprise Project Management. [D04344]

The segregation of some corporate, administrative or commercial activities into packages of work that can then be treated like projects [D03200]

Projectized Organization
Any organizational structure in which the project manager has full authority to assign priorities and to direct the work of individuals assigned to the project. [D01539]

An offer in response to a request for proposals. [D03551]

A document (sometimes accompanied by models) submitted to a prospective customer by an organization that describes work the organization is offering to do for the prospective customer. [D01540]

 SPM 304-9
A contractor's written reply to a request for proposal. Usually includes technical, management, cost, and basis of estimate volumes. [D04203]

Proposal Form
A standard format, or layout, for the submission of a formal proposal in response to an invitation to tender. [D03201]

Proposal Project Plan
Usually the first plan issued on a project and accompanies the proposal. It contains key analysis, procurement, and implementation milestones; historical data, and any client-supplied information. Usually presented in bar chart form or summary level network, and used for inquiry and contract negotiations. [D01541]

Proprietary Information
Selected experts organized for fact finding and evaluating proposals against predetermined criteria. Typically, there are separate teams for Technical, Cost, and Management Evaluation. [D04204]

Prorated Cost
A cost that is incurred in increments over time as a task or project progresses. [D01542]

The assembly of evaluation profitability studies and all the pertinent technical data in an overall report for presentation and acceptance by the owner and funders of a project. [D01543]

Alternative meanings include:
  1. Covered or shielded from exposure, injury, or destruction. For example, by insurance.
  2. Maintenance of the status or integrity. For example, through financial or legal guarantees.
  3. Saved from contingent financial loss. For example, by setting aside an appropriate financial reserve.
  4. Shielded from infringement or restriction. For example, by copyright registration.
  5. Restricted competition. For example, by tariffs or trade controls.

An original or model on which a later item is formed or based. [D03680]

A release that is not necessarily subject to change management and configuration control. [D04753]

Prototype Model
An original model on which something is patterned. A first full-scale and usually functional form of a new type or design of a construction or assembly of parts. May apply to both physical or notional objects such as software applications. [D03203]

Prototype, software
An imprecise term, currently with multiple meanings:
  1. A "rapid prototype" is usually a software requirements demonstration model, which provides a simulated representation of the software functionality and operator interface. The model facilitates early buyer-developer agreement on the design approach.
  2. Alternatively, a technical demonstration model. Except for "Evolving Prototypes", the code is usually discarded once the model has served its purpose.
    1. [D04205]

The process of creating a prototype model. [D03204]

Provisional Sum
A sum of money typically included in a fixed price contract as an allowance to cover a known expenditure item but for which insufficient detail is available at the time of tender to enable the bidder to estimate a firm price. However, the order of magnitude of the allowance does enable the bidder to estimate the management and supervision costs of such work. Release of the allowance is at the discretion of the supervising architect or engineer.
Editor's Note: Sometimes referred to simply as an Allowance. However, note the distinction from Contingency Allowance, Contingency Reserve and similar terms. [D02257]

See Product Realization Team

See Planned Start Date

See Professional Services Agreement

See Program Support Office

See Professional Services Provider

Individuals who have an interest in the project outcome, but are not directly involved in it. [D01544]

The projectÍs Public includes:
  1. Internal - All personnel working directly or indirectly on the project and
  2. External - All those that are not directly involved in the project but who have an interest in its outcome.
This latter could include for example, environmental protection groups, equal employment opportunity groups, and others with a real or imagined interest in the project or the way it is managed.
Editor's Note: More recently, those in item 1 are referred to as the project's "Stakeholders" and those in item 2 are referred to as the project's Constituents. [D01548]

Public Relations
An activity designed to improve the environment in which a project organization operates in order to improve project performance and reception. [D01547]

An activity designed to improve the environment in which an organization operates in order to improve the performance of that organization. [D01545]

An activity meant to improve the project organizationÍs environment in order to improve project performance and reception. [D01546]

All functions and activities dedicated to:
  1. Maintaining, protecting, and enhancing the image of a concern or its products; or
  2. Maintaining or promoting reciprocal understanding and favorable relations with the public at large, or any segment of the public.
The term public relations includes activities associated with areas such as advertising, customer relations, etc. [D03552]

Public Sources
Locations where things (typically information) are readily available to the public at large. Example, Internet web sites. [D03205]

Public Speaking
The art of effective oral communication with an audience. The act or process of making speeches in public. [D03206]

Books, magazines, news papers, etc. that are available to the public for purposes of information, entertainment, advertisements, announcements, broadcast, proclamation, etc. [D03207]

Published Model [MOF]
A model which has been frozen, and becomes available for instantiating repositories and for the support in defining other models. A frozen model's model elements cannot be changed. [D04754]

Punch List
A list made near to the completion of a project showing the items of work remaining in order to complete the project scope. [D01549]

Punishment of the Innocent
A humorous reference to what is perceived to happen when projects go wrong and scapegoats are found. [D03208]

Out-right acquisition of items, mostly off-the-shelf or catalog, manufactured outside the purchaser's premises. [D01550]

Purchase Order
A standard document used to obtain supplies and non-personnel services when the total amount is relatively small. The issue of a Purchase Order creates a contractual commitment. [D03681]

A commitment document generally used only for the procurement of materials and equipment by the organization. Its use may be limited to a maximum value. The document is addressed to a supplier and commits the organization to the purchase according to the terms and conditions of the order. A Purchase Order is different from a change order, although it may be modified to double as such. [D01551]

Buying. Typically, a carefully administered and controlled process for the acquisition of goods and service at the best possible price to meet the needs of a project. [D03209]

Purchasing Strategy
To the extent that there may be alternative approaches, the determination of the most suitable means of obtaining goods and services to meet project requirements. For example, ranging from bulk purchases to Just-In-Time, etc. [D03210]

Pure Risk
See Insurable Risk. [D01552]

An end to be obtained. [D03211]

See Price Variance

See Planned Value for Work Accomplished

See Planned Value for Work Scheduled

Definitions for page P15: 73

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