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Wideman Comparative Wideman Comparative Glossary of Common Project Management Terms v5.5 is copyright © R. Max Wideman, 2000-2017.

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Last updated 12-22-17

Master Glossary
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Term
Definition     Editor's Choice
Cat Source
Emotion
A mental state that arises automatically in the nervous system rather than through conscious effort. It can evoke a positive or negative psychological response. [D06414]

N

 PrjDec
Emotional Intelligence
Knowing and managing one's own emotions and those of others for improved project performance. [D06415]

JN

 121
Employee Relations
Those formal activities and procedures used by an organization to administer and develop its workforce. [D00597]

N

 PMK87
Employment
The engaging of individuals in useful work in return for compensation. [D02702]

N

 RMW
Empower
Formally granting of power or authority to act. [D05326]

N

 Webster
Empowerment
The enabling of project team members to achieve self-control, that is, to do their jobs with the minimum of supervision consistent with their individual capabilities. To achieve this, each employee needs:
  1. A clear definition of what he or she is supposed to be doing, and for what purpose
  2. A personal plan on how to do the required work
  3. The skills and resources that are adequate for doing the work.
  4. Feedback on progress that goes directly to the person from the work itself.
  5. A clear definition of his or her authority to take positive corrective action when there is a deviation from plan
[D02334]

N

 PPS&C p191-2
EMR
See Expenditure Management Report

FGJN
CHMT

  
Enabler
Something that can be developed/built/acquired normally from outside the environment in which it will be embedded and where the benefits will be realized. [D05979]

JN
HM

 BRM
Enclosed Document
A document can be enclosed by another document to collect a set of documents into a whole; the enclosing document as well as the individual enclosures are regarded as separate artifacts. [D04832]

N

 RUP
Encumbrance
A burden or obligation that impedes and makes action difficult. [D05639]

N

 Webster
End Activity
An activity with no logical successors. [D00598]

N

 WST
End Event (of a project)
Event with preceding, but no succeeding activities.
Note: There may be more than one end event. [D04432]

N

 APM
BS
End Goal
An ultimate objective of a program or project. [D05980]

GJ

 BRM
End Item
See Deliverable or Product. [D02314]

N

  
End Product
Deliverable resulting from project work. [D05981]

J
CHMT

 PMTWG
End Project Report
A report given by the project manager to the project board, that confirms the handover of all products and provides an updated business case and an assessment of how well the project has done against its project initiation document. [D05327]

N

 PRNC2 2002
End Stage Assessment
A mandatory management control at the end of each stage. Work may not proceed on the next stage until the project board has approved current status and future resource plans and technical plans at this assessment. See also Control Gate. [D03840]

GJN
CHMT

 PNG
The review by the project board and project manager of the end stage report to decide whether to approve the next stage plan (unless the last stage has now been completed). According to the size and criticality of the project, the review maybe formal or informal. The approval to proceed should be documented as an important management product. [D05328]

N

 PRNC2 2002
End Stage Report
A report given by the project manager to the project board at the end of each management stage of the project. This provides information about the project performance during the stage and the project status at stage end. [D05329]

N

 PRNC2 2002
End User
The individual or group who will use the system for its intended operational use when it is deployed in its environment. [D05177]

JN
MT

 SA-CMM
The person or group for whom the project's product or service was developed. [D05330]

N

 SU
End User Representatives
A selected sample of end users who represent the total population of end users. [D05178]

N

 SA-CMM
Endorsement
Written Approval. Endorsement signifies personal understanding and acceptance of the thing endorsed, and recommends further endorsement by higher levels of authority if necessary. Endorsement of commitment by a person invested with appropriate authority signifies authorization. See Approve, Authorize. [D00599]

FGJN
CHMT

 PMK87
Agreement to a plan or action prior to final approval. [D04975]

N

 SCL
End-Phase Assessment
See Post Project Review [D02178]

N

  
End-Tranche Assessment
A review carried out at the outset of the benefits realization phase to verify the completion of all tranche projects and to plan for maximizing benefits from tranche projects and executing the next tranche. See Tranche. [D04974]

GJN
CH

 KSI
Engineering Change Notice
The formal release of an engineering change. [D04082]

JN
C

 CSM
Engineering Change Proposal ("ECP")
A proposal submitted by the seller in response to a buyer request for an ECP to change the existing contract effort. Only the buyer can initiate the request for an Engineering Change Proposal. This activity is usually preceded by a Request For Change. The user, buyer, or the seller can initiate a Request For Change to the contract. It is an exploratory activity. [D04217]

JN
C

 CSM
Engineering Change Request
A request to consider a technical change to the technical baseline submitted to a Change Control Board. [D00600]

JN
C

 VPM p291-4
Engineering Cost Estimate
Cost estimate derived by summing detailed cost analysis of the individual work packages and adding appropriate burdens. Usually determined by a contractor's performing organizations, price analysts, and cost accountants. [D04083]

JN
C

 CSM
A detailed cost estimate of the work and related burdens, usually made by industrial engineering or price/cost estimating. Another term for Engineering Cost Estimate is Bottom-up Cost Estimate. [D00601]

JN
C

 WST
Engineering Process
The set of activities relating to a construction output. [D02703]

JN
C

 RMW
Enhancement
Something added to increase its impact, effectiveness or value. [D05331]

N

 Webster
Enterprise
A business organization involved in economic activity and taking risks for purposes of profit. Synonymous with company, corporation, and organization.
Editor's Note: Compare these with Bureaucracy. [D02704]

FG
HM

 RMW
Enterprise Project Management
The application of the project management discipline throughout an organization. [D02705]

FGJN
CHMT

 RMW
A concept based on the principle that prosperity depends on adding value to business, and that value is added by systematically implementing new projects i.e. projects of all types across the organization. [D04341]

FGJ
HMT

 PCD
The comprehensive implementation and practice of project management based on the recognition that the sum total of an organization's work is a portfolio of simultaneous and interconnected projects that need to be managed collectively as well as individually. [D05982]

FGJ
HMT

 PMTWG
Enterprise Project Management Office ("EPMO")
In project portfolio management, an office at a high level in the organization advising corporate management directly on the management of a corporate project portfolio. [D05983]

FG

 109
Enterprise Project Structure ("EPS")
The orderly arrangement of projects in an organization's portfolio designed to support the goals and objectives of the enterprise. [D05151]

F

 RMW
Enterprise Resource Planning ("ERP")
Program/Project resource planning of activities, supported by multi-module application software and processes to help an enterprise manage key parts of its business which may include product planning, maintaining inventories, supply chain processes, providing customer services, human resources planning, etc. It may include any other system involving any kind of resource consumption that can benefit from integration of information across many functional areas. [D04367]

G

 SU
Enterprise Resource Planning Systems ("ERPS")
Enterprise wide applications/processes/systems that support ERP by handling a wide variety of planning, transaction processing and accounting functions in an integrated manner across many functional areas. [D04368]

G

 SU
Entitlement
Grounds for seeking or claiming something, a right. [D05332]

JN
C

 Webster
That portion of a claim that entitles a claimant to recover from the other party. [D04084]

JN
CH

 CSM
Entrepreneur
One who organizes, manages and assumes the risks of a business or enterprise. [D02706]

N

 Webster
An individual who risks starting his or her own business. A person who has the ability to see an opportunity, to obtain necessary capital, labor, and other inputs, and to know how to put together an operation successfully, and who has the willingness to take personal risk of success or failure. [D02707]

N

 PMDT
Environment
A core supporting workflow in the software-engineering process, whose purpose is to define and manage the environment in which the system is being developed. Includes process descriptions, configuration management, and development tools. [D04724]

N
T

 RUP
Environment Baseline
Details of the existing environment serving as a basis for managing the project's impact. [D05333]

N
T

 RMW
Environment Characteristic
A particular property of the environment. [D02708]

N
T

 RMW
Environment, general
The things that surround a person or organization, including physical features, economic and market conditions, attitudes and climate. [D02709]

N

 PMDT
Environment, natural
The natural surroundings of us all created by our physical world, i.e. nature. [D02710]

N

 RMW
Definitions for page E02: 50

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