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Wideman Comparative Wideman Comparative Glossary of Common Project Management Terms v5.5 is copyright © R. Max Wideman, 2000-2017.

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Last updated 12-22-17

Master Glossary
Specification Change Notice   - to -   Stage File
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Term
Definition     Editor's Choice
Cat Source
Specification Change Notice
A document used to propose and communicate specification changes. [D04241]

JN
CH

 CSM
Specification Control
A system for assuring that project specifications are prepared in a uniform fashion and only changed with proper authorization. [D01875]

JN
CH

 PMK87
Specify
To name or state explicitly or in detail. To include as an item in a specification. To describe a set of detailed requirements. [D03292]

N

 Webster
Speed Reading
A method of reading rapidly by skimming. [D01876]

N

 PMK87
Spending Estimate
An estimate of how much money will be spent by type of expense. [D02214]

N

 PMMJ97
Spending Forecast
An estimate of how much money will be spent by time period. [D02215]

JN

 PMMJ97
Spending Limit
The limit for project spending. [D02216]

JN

 PMMJ97
Spending Plan
The total budgeted funds, based on the same subcategories as the cost plan, for a given task area over a given fiscal year. [D01877]

JN

 WST
Spending Plan Adjustments Form
A form used to change and authorize a spending plan adjustment during a fiscal year. The form explains why the spending plan and the cost plan do not match. [D01878]

JN

 WST
Spent Cost
See Actual Cost of Work Performed [D03613]

N

  
SPI
See Schedule Performance Index

JN
C

  
See Scheduled Performance Indicator

JN
C

  
Spiral
Winding around a center or axis and gradually receding from or approaching it. A helical. Advancing to higher levels through a series of cyclical movements.
Editor's Note: Hence the phrase "Spiraling out of control." [D03293]

N

 Webster
Split
Dividing a task into two sequences or tasks. [D01879]

N

 OTOB p271-4
Split Task
A task divided into two or more portions, with time gaps between one portion and another that indicate an interruption in work on the task. [D01880]

N

 MSP98
Splittable Activity
Activity that can be interrupted in order to allow its resources to be transferred temporarily to another activity. [D04527]

N

 APM
BS
Splitting
In resource scheduling, it is possible to specify that an activity may be split if this results in an earlier scheduled finish date. This means that the specified duration may be divided into two or more pieces, while retaining the specified profile for resource requirements relative to this split duration. [D01881]

N

 WST
Sponsor
In project portfolio management, the person ultimately responsible and accountable for the effective fulfillment of the program or project, including the realization of benefits, likely the person who has provided or sanctioned the funding.
Editor's Note: See also Executive Sponsor. [D06276]

FGJ
CHMT

 BRM
The generic name given to the source of the project manager's authority. The sponsor may be owner, financier, client etc., or their delegate - see Executive Authority. [D01882]

FGJ
CHMT

 FWH
The management person who has oversight for the project. [D02217]

J

 PMMJ97
The executive who manages, administers, monitors, funds, and is responsible for the overall project delivery but who is not involved in the project manager's responsibilities for day-to-day management.. [D03574]

FGJ
CHMT

 RMW
Individual or body for whom the project is undertaken and who is the primary risk taker. [D04528]

GJ

 APM
BS
See also Project Sponsor [D05223]

GJ
CHMT

  
The main driving force behind a program or project. [D05503]

GJ

 PRNC2 2009
The individual or group in the performing organization providing the financial resources, in cash or in kind, for the project. [D06274]

GJ

 PMTWG
Sponsoring Group
The group of senior executives involved in a program. The sponsoring group may include executives from different organizations. [D05591]

FGJ
CHMT

 MSP-UK 1999
Sponsoring Team
See Project Sponsor [D05225]

GJ
CHMT

  
SPR
See Scheduled Performance Ratio

JN
C

  
SRO
See Senior Responsible Owner

FG
HMT

  
SRR
See System Requirements Review

N
T

  
SS
See Scheduled Start

JN
C

  
SSD
See Scheduled Start Date

JN
CHM

  
SSR
See Software Specification Review

N
T

  
Stability
The ability to withstand force or stress without alteration of position and without material change. Term may apply to an object, system or organization.
Editor's Note: A project organization is neither stable nor unstable because it changes deliberately and progressively throughout the project life span. [D03294]

N
T

 Webster
Stabilization
The period of time between continuous operation and normal operation. This period encompasses those activities necessary to establish reliable operation at design conditions of capacity, product quality, and efficiency. [D01883]

J
C

 PMK87
Staff
An individual or group within an organization that are available for providing advice and guidance but probably not available to undertake actual project work. [D06332]

GJN
CHMT

 RMW
See Line and Staff. [D02961]

N

  
Those personnel resources available to the project manager to assist in the execution of the project. Staff personnel can be persons assigned full-time, from matrixed in-house support organizations, and/or from support contractors. [D05211]

GJN
HMT

 SA-CMM
Staff Acquisition
A formal process of approaching the market for competent people and inviting selected individuals to join the project. [D03295]

N

 RMW
Staff Personnel
Those individuals working in departments that are not directly involved in the organization's mainstream activity, but rather perform advising, counseling and assisting duties for the line/functional departments. [D01884]

FGJ
CHMT

 PMK87
Staffing
Identifying competent people suited to the various types of work involved in the project and adding them to the project team. [D03296]

N
CHMT

 RMW
Staffing Effort
An estimate of how much staffing effort (time by internal staff to both produce deliverables and manage the project) will be required to complete the project. [D02225]

N

 PMMJ97
Staffing Effort Limit
A limit for the amount of time that internal staff can spend on the project. [D02224]

N

 PMMJ97
Stage
A subsection of a project which has its own organizational structure, life span and Stage Manager.
Editor's Note: More particularly, the subdivision of a major phase of the Project Life Span into smaller logical time periods, i.e. stages. [D03951]

GJ
CHMT

 PNG
A smaller portion of the project life span typically reflecting the technical stages of the project. Stages may be identifiable by milestone events that are sign-offs or approvals by authorities outside the project team.
For example, stages in the life cycle of a construction project may be identified as:
  1. Pre-project studies of needs and opportunities
  2. Project concepts and economic studies
  3. Feasibility or functional design
  4. Engineering, project planning and project brief
  5. Working drawings and specifications
  6. Tendering and contract award
  7. Construction
  8. Facility commissioning, start up or hand-over
  9. Final project review and close out
Note: Operation of the resulting facility is part of the Facility Life-Cycle, not the Project Life-Cycle. [D01885]

GJ
C

 CCCP
Stages are a subset of Phases and the term is best used to apply to a distinct period of the technical work of the project, i.e. the work involved in a Technical Stage relating to the creation of the outcome or product. Phases are then reserved for referring to the Life Span intervals in managing the Project's Life Span. See also Project Phase. [D01886]

GJ
CHMT

  
A natural high level subsection of a project that has its own organizational structure, life span and manager. [D04529]

GJ

 APM
The period in which the Project Manager is managing on behalf of the Project Board up to the time that the Project Board wishes to review progress to date, the state of the Project Plan, Business Case and risks, and the next Stage Plan in order to decide whether to continue the project.
Editor's Note: I.e. up to the next control gate representing the end of the current phase. [D05504]

GJ
CHM

 PRNC2 2005
Stage Assessment
See End-Stage Assessment and Mid-Stage Assessment. [D01887]

GJN
CHMT

  
Stage File
A file with the detailed management plans and reports for the stage. [D01888]

N

 WST
Definitions for page S06: 50

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