Wideman Comparative Glossary of Common Project Management Terms v3.1 is copyright by R. Max Wideman, March 2002.

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Damages - to - Defective

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Definition     Editor's Choice
In contract work, either
  1. Actual - The actual increased cost to one party caused by another party's acts or failure to act, or
  2. Liquidated - The amount of money set forth in the contract as being the liability of the contractor for failure to complete the work by the contract completion date or adjusted contract completion date. It is an estimate of the damages the owner is likely to incur in the event of late completion by the contractor.
    Liquidated damages are typically expressed as a daily rate.

An activity in a network which has neither predecessors nor successors. [D03831]

An activity or network which has either no predecessors or no successors. If neither, referred to as an isolated activity. [D00477]

All recorded information, regardless of form or characteristic. [D02302]

Data Application
The development of a data base of risk factors both for the current project and as a matter of historic record. [D00478]

Data Bank
See Corporate Memory. [D02602]

Data Collection
The gathering and recording of facts, changes and forecasts for reporting and future planning. [D00479]

Data Date ("DD")
The calendar date that separates actual (historical) data from scheduled data. [D00480]

Data Entry Clerk
Job category identifying personnel responsible for entering data into the computer via terminal or key to disc devices in a predefined manner as part of a processing operation. [D00481]

 SPM 304-9
Data Item Description ("DID")
The content outline of a required document. See also Documentation Requirements Description. [D04060]

Data Processing
The conversion, sorting, allocation or otherwise systematic and standard manipulation of project data by computer programming. It speeds results and reduces the staff that would otherwise be required for manual effort. Great care is required to ensure useful output and avoid the counter productive overloading of managers with unnecessary information. See also Systems Analysis. [D03057]

Data Refinements
Rework or redefinition of logic or data that may have previously been developed in the planning subfunction as required to properly input milestones, restraints, priorities and resources. [D00482]

Data Structure Organization
The logical and systematic arrangement of information elements. [D02603]

A store for various categories of data which can be drawn on to write reports or act as a simple library. [D00483]

 CPMUSC 176-8
The component of a software program that stores or organizes project information. [D00484]

Any of the following:
  1. A collection of related data stored together with controlled redundancy according to a scheme to serve one or more applications.
  2. All data files stored in the system.
  3. A set of data stored together and managed by a database management system.

Database Administrator ("DBA")
One who maintains and controls access levels to a database. [D04818]

Database Management System ("DBMS")
A computer program that manages data by providing the services of centralized control, data independence, and complex physical structures for efficient access, integrity, recovery, concurrency control, privacy, and security. [D04819]

Date of Acceptance
The date on which the client agrees to the final acceptance of the project. Commitments against the capital authorization cease at this time. This is an event. [D00485]

Day Work Account
A method of payment for work not included in the scope of the contract that the construction contractor is obliged to perform at the request or direction of the Owner or its agent. Generally, such day work account is paid for on unit-price or cost-plus terms. [D00486]

See Database Administrator

See Dynamic Baseline Model©

See Database Management System

See Distributed Computing Environment

See Discounted Cash Flow

See Data Date

Deactivation Plan
The document that describes the approach and critical processes required to convert the project to the safe, deactivated, or disposed state. It includes methods of shutdown, disposition of records and hardware, security issues, and transition to new or follow-on systems. The plan may include lessons learned, disposition of items of historical interest, environmentally sensitive and hazardous materials issues, etc. [D04061]

Deactivation Procedures
Step-by-step instructions to safely deactivate and dispose of a system. [D04062]

In the procurement process, informing bidders about the strengths and weaknesses of their proposal. [D04063]

The opposite of Centralized. [D02604]

The removal of uncertainty with respect to a course of action for an organization that consumes resources. [D02605]

Decision Documentation
The recording of the terms and results of a decision and the assumptions and reasoning behind the decision. [D02606]

Decision Event
State in the progress of a project when a decision is required before the start of any succeeding activity.
Note The decision determines which of a number of alternative paths is to be followed. [D04423]

Decision Making
The process for arriving at a decision. [D02607]

Decision Making Process
The sequence of decisions made as a part of the project life cycle. [D00487]

Decision Support System
A sophisticated computer program to assist managers in making decisions. It may include simulation programs, mathematical programming routines, and decision rules. [D00488]

 OTOB 271-4
Decision Theory
A technique for helping to reach decisions under uncertainty and risk. All decisions are based to some extent on uncertain forecasts. Given the criteria selected by the decision maker, Decision Theory points to the best possible course whether or not the forecasts are accurate. For example, used to determine the best product capacity level for a project. [D03058]

Decision Tree
A graphical representation of the decision process. Sequential decisions are drawn in the form of the branches of a tree, stemming from an initial decision point and extending all the way to the final outcomes. Each path through the branches of the tree represents a separate series of decisions and probabilistic events. [D02609]

A graphical representation of a decision making methodology that compares the values/costs of different scenarios in terms of expected values based on probability. The values arrived at are for comparative purposes only.. [D02608]

Decision Trees
A method of displaying a whole network of decisions in a logical sequence. Consequent decisions appear like the branches of a tree. When the probability of a given outcome of each decision is also shown, it becomes possible to select the best course of action. See also Network Branching. [D03059]

The process of reducing a project scope into its various elements resulting in a work breakdown structure. [D02610]

The hierarchical functional, and physical system partitioning into hardware assemblies, software components, and operator activities that can be scheduled, budgeted, and assigned to a responsible individual. [D04064]

Failure to fulfill the terms of a contract. [D04065]

Default Values
Values that software programs insert into fields automatically when no information is provided by the user. [D00489]

A substandard condition. [D04066]

The non-fulfillment of intended usage requirements. [D00490]

 ISO 8402
Any non-conformance of a characteristic with specified requirements. [D00491]

 MIL-STD 105
Any condition or characteristic in any supplies or services furnished by the Contractor under the contract that is not in compliance with the requirements of the contract. [D03491]

An anomaly, or flaw, in a delivered work product. Examples include such things as omissions and imperfections found during early lifecycle phases and symptoms of faults contained in software sufficiently mature for test or operation. A defect can be any kind of issue you want tracked and resolved. See also change request. [D04714]

A unit of product which contains one or more defects. [D00492]

 MIL-STD 105
Definitions for page D00: 50

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