Copyright
Wideman Comparative Glossary of Common Project Management Terms v3.1 is copyright by R. Max Wideman, March 2002.

Please feel free to point to this document. For non-profit purposes you may copy this page, either whole or as whole definitions provided the above copyright notice is attached. For inclusion in for-profit works, please contact the author at maxw@maxwideman.com

File: PMG_A03.htm generated 12/19/2002 9:25:28 AM
Generated by program: PMGlosGen v1.33 Program Author: Graham Wideman

Introduction | What's New in Version 6.1 | International Recognition
About the Author | Sources and References
Content Index |
Order Your V6.1 Copy Here!

Agency - to - Apportioned Effort

***  prev

Term
Definition     Editor's Choice
 
Source
Agency
A legal relationship by which one party is empowered to act on behalf of another party. [D00071]

 PMK87
Agenda
A list of things to be done or discussed, typically at a meeting.
Editor's Note: No project meeting should be convened without the prior circulation of an Agenda. This enables attendees to prepare and ensure a productive and time-effective meeting. [D02366]

 RMW
Aggregation
Summation of parts. Typically used in reference to estimating. [D02367]

 RMW
An association that models a whole-part relationship between an aggregate (the whole) and its parts. [D04800]

 RUP
Agility
The ability of an organization to adapt and react expeditiously and appropriately to changes in its environment and to demands imposed by the environment. [D05159]

 RUP
Agreement
Harmony of opinion or feeling; a contract or promise. [D04321]

 MEMOPT
A term often used to refer to contracts between an owner and its professional consultants. [D00072]

 CCCP
Concurrence of facts or approach, but not acceptance of meeting all requirements. [D03979]

 CSM
Agreement, legal
A legal document that sets out the terms of a contract between two parties. [D00073]

 PMK87
ALAP
See As-Late-As-Possible

  
Algorithm
A particular mathematical model used for running calculations, typically computerized. For example, different project management scheduling software programs use different Algorithms for calculating Resource Leveling. [D02368]

 RMW
Alignment
The bringing of separate parts into line. This may refer to physical parts or to notional parts such as goals and objectives. [D02369]

 RMW
Alliance
An agreement to act jointly. See Partnering. [D02370]

 RMW
Allocated Baseline
Requirements allocated to lower level system elements that are controlled by formal change control. [D03980]

 CSM
Allocated Requirements
Requirements apportioned to the elements of a system by applying applicable knowledge and experience. Determination of allocated requirements is not as scientifically rigorous as determination of derived requirements. [D03981]

 CSM
Allocation
The process of allocating work on an activity to specific Resources. [D03588]

 PNG
See also Resource Allocation. [D00074]

  
The percentage of a resource's capacity designated for a specific assignment. [D04909]

 42
Allowable Cost
A cost that meets the tests of:
  1. Reasonableness.
  2. Relevance to the contract.
  3. Accounting in accordance with standards promulgated by the Cost Accounting Standards Board, if applicable; otherwise, generally accepted accounting principles and practices appropriate to the particular circumstances.
  4. The terms of the contract.
[D03796]

 GAT
Allowance
An amount set aside, usually time or money.
Editor's Note: There are different types of allowances, e.g. Contingency Allowance, Scope Allowance or Contingency Reserve [D02371]

 RMW
Alternate Resource
A resource that may be substituted as the requirement for an activity if the requested resource is not available. [D00075]

 WST
Alternative Analysis
Breaking down a complex scope situation for the purpose of generating and evaluating different solutions and approaches. [D00076]

 PMK87
Alternative Dispute Resolution ("ADR")
Any procedure or combination of procedures voluntarily used to resolve issues in controversy without the need to resort to litigation. These procedures may include, but are not limited to, assisted settlement negotiations, conciliation, facilitation, mediation, fact-finding, mini-trials, and arbitration. [D03797]

 GAT
Alternatives
Review of the means available and the impact of trade-offs to attain the objectives. [D00077]

 PMK87
Ambiguity
Something that is likely to be interpreted in more than one way.
Editor's Note: An important part of a project manager's job is to seek clarity and hence avoid ambiguity. [D02373]

 RMW
Amendment
A change in a solicitation prior to contract award. [D03798]

 GAT
Amount at Stake
The severity or extent of adverse consequences which could occur to the project. For example, the cost of recovery from lost production, plus the cost of recovering from the delay, etc. [D00078]

 FWH
RMH
AMR
See Advanced Material Release

  
Analysis
The study and examination of something complex and separation into its more simple components. Analysis typically includes discovering not only what are the parts of the thing being studied, but also how they fit together and why they are arranged in this particular way. A study of schedule variances for cause, impact, and corrective action. [D00079]

 PMK87
QMPP
The part of the software development process whose primary purpose is to formulate a model of the problem domain. Analysis focuses on what to do; design focuses on how to do it. See design. [D04681]

 RUP
Analysis and Design
A discipline in the Unified Process, whose purpose is to show how the system's use cases will be realized in implementation; (general) activities during which strategic and tactical decisions are made to meet the required functional and quality requirements of a system. For the result of analysis and design activities, see Design Model. [D04794]

 RUP
Analysis Time
Refers to something that occurs during an analysis phase of the software development process. See design time, modeling time. [D04682]

 RUP
Analyst
Member of the project team who is responsible for eliciting and interpreting the stakeholder needs, and communicating those needs to the entire team. [D04683]

 RUP
AND Relationship
Logical relationship between two or more activities that converge on or diverge from an event.
Note: The AND relationship indicates that every one of the activities has to be undertaken. [D04380]

 APM
BS
Anecdotal
Based on hearsay rather than on demonstrated facts, hard data or personal experience. [D02374]

 RMW
Anticipated Award Cost
The most probable contract price at time of tender and award. It forms part of the forecast to complete. See Cost Types. [D00080]

 CCCP
AOA
See Activity on Arc

  
See Activity on Arrow

  
AON
See Activity on Node

  
AOQ
See Average Outgoing Quality

  
AOQL
See Average Outgoing Quality Limit

  
APMA
See Area of Project Management Application

  
Apparent Low Bidder
The contractor who has submitted the lowest compliant bid for all or part of a project as described in a set of bid documents. [D00081]

 PMK87
Application
An act of putting to use (new techniques): an act of applying techniques. [D00082]

 PMK87
Application Area
A category of projects that have common elements not present in all projects. Application areas are usually defined in terms of either the product of the project (i.e., by similar technologies or industry sectors) or the type of customer (e.g., internal vs. external, government vs. commercial, etc.). Application areas often overlap. [D00083]

 PMK96
Application for Expenditure ("AFE")
A formal document presented to management to permit the expenditure of funds, typically supported by appropriate justification documentation. See also Application for Expenditure Justification. [D02375]

 RMW
Application for Expenditure Justification
The formal documentation required to support an Application for Expenditure. Typically a submission requesting funding to undertake the Implementation and Commissioning, Startup & Completion Phases of a capital project. It represents complete summary documentation of the project up to that point and is required by management to enable an appropriate decision to be made concerning continuation of the project and to ensure that a proper basis has been established for the conduct of the project during those ensuing phases. [D00070]

 PMGdLns
Application Programmers
Those programmers responsible for the development of function and industry relevant software that is determined by their employer's particular business (for example, banking, aerospace, stock brokerage, insurance, accounting, inventory). [D00084]

 SPM 304-9
Applied Direct Costs
The actual direct costs recognized in the time period associated with the consumption of labor, material, and other direct resources, without regard to their date of commitment or the date of payment. [D04612]

 QWF
Apportioned Effort
Effort directly related to some other measured effort. [D04613]

 QWF
Effort that is not itself readily divisible into short-span work packages but which is related and proportional to measured effort in other work packages. Project management overhead is an example. [D02273]

 RMW
Definitions for page A03: 51


***  prev
next  ***

Home | Issacons | PM Glossary | Papers & Books | Max's Musings
Guest Articles | Contact Info | Top of Page