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Wideman Comparative Wideman Comparative Glossary of Common Project Management Terms v5.5 is copyright © R. Max Wideman, 2000-2017.

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Last updated 12-22-17

Master Glossary
Latest Start Date   - to -   Legislation
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Term
Definition     Editor's Choice
Cat Source
Latest Start Date
See Latest Start. [D06317]

JN

  
Latest Start Time
See Latest Start. [D06318]

JN

  
Launch, project
See Project Initiation. [D02928]

JN

  
Law
A binding custom or practice of a community, enforced by the judiciary. A rule of conduct or action prescribed or formally recognized as binding or enforced by a controlling authority. [D02929]

FGJ
CHMT

 Webster
Law of Diminishing Returns
An economic theory stating that beyond a certain production or quality level, productivity or quality then increases at a decreasing rate. [D06040]

N

 PMTWG
Laws
The rules and regulations one must abide by. [D02945]

VFGJN

 PMDT
Layer
A specific way of grouping packages in a model at the same level of abstraction. [D04852]

N
T

 RUP
Layoff
The temporary or permanent separation of workers from their jobs. The situation occurs when companies must let workers go for lack of work. [D02946]

N
CH

 PMDT
LCC
See Life Cycle Cost

JN

  
Lead
An attribute applied to a logical relationship to advance the start or end of an activity. [D06329]

JN

 ISO
Lead Contractor
The contractor who has responsibility for overall project management and quality assurance. [D04459]

J
C

 APM
Lead Duration
A duration by which a given task must be started before the succeeding activity can begin. [D00915]

JN

 CPMUSC p176-8
Lead Time
In a network diagram, the minimum necessary lapse of time between the start of one activity and the start of an overlapping activity. [D04584]

JN

 APM
BS
A modification of a logical relationship which allows an acceleration of the successor task. For example, in a finish-to-start dependency with a 10 day lead, the successor activity can start 10 days before the predecessor has finished. See also lag. [D00914]

JN

 PMK96
An overlap between tasks that have a dependency. [D00916]

JN

 MSP98
The time required by one task before another task can begin. [D00917]

JN

 OTOB p84
Leader
One who takes the lead or initiative through leadership. [D02930]

FGJ

 Webster
Someone who guides people along a way, hopefully to the successful accomplishment of personal and organizational objectives. [D02947]

N

 PMDT
Leadership
The ability to identify what work has to be done and then to select the people who are best able to tackle it. It is about setting goals and objectives and generating enthusiasm and motivation amongst project team members and stakeholders to work towards those objectives. [D03443]

GJN

 CRMP
The process by which the project manager influences the project team to behave in a manner that will facilitate project goal achievement. [D00918]

N

 PMK87
Getting others to follow direction. [D00919]

N

 WST
The art of getting others to want to do something that you are convinced should be done. [D02336]

N

 020
An ability to get things done well through others. It requires:
  • A vision of the destination
  • A compelling reason to get there
  • A realistic timetable, and
  • A capacity to attract a willing team
[D02337]

N

 SU
The art of influencing others to willingly strive for the completion of group goals. [D02948]

N

 PMDT
The art of getting others to follow, whereas management is defined as the art of getting others to do what one cannot necessarily do oneself, i.e. by organizing, planning, controlling and directing resources. [D03865]

N

 PNG
The force that enables effective management. [D05014]

N

 054
Creating a vision of an environment towards which people want to move. [D05792]

N

 SU
The ability to influence groups of people to work to achieve prescribed goals. [D05793]

N

 Q&A p128
Leadership Style
The display of patterns of behavior, communication methods, attitude about conflicts and criticisms, ways of controlling team members' behaviors, decision-making processes, and the amount and type of delegation. [D06444]

GJN

 IPMA
The manner in which a leader conducts himself/herself. [D02949]

JN

 PMDT
Leading
Exercising leadership; providing direction or guidance; directing operations, activity, or performance of a group. Also, out in front. [D02931]

N

 Webster
Learning Curve
A concept that recognizes the fact that productivity by workers improves as they become familiar with the sequence of activities involved in the production process. [D00920]

JN

 PMK87
A mathematical way to explain and measure the rate of change of cost (in hours or dollars) as a function of quantity in a repetitive operation. [D03640]

N

 DSMC
The time it takes humans to learn an activity well enough to achieve optimum performance can be displayed by curves, which must be factored into estimates of activity durations in order to achieve planned completion dates. [D03721]

N

 PPS&C p340
The improvement in process efficiency as workers become familiar with a process and become proficient over time and/or in proportion to the number of repetitions of the process. An important factor in predicting future costs of a production run. [D05381]

N

 MFC
Learning Curve Theory
Theory that explains the learning curve phenomenon. [D02932]

N

 RMW
Lease
A written contract for the renting of property over time for which the property is rented. [D02950]

N

 PMDT
Leasehold
Tenure by contract for a certain time; property so held. [D02951]

N

 PMDT
Leasing
Acquisition from private or commercial sources other than by purchase. Also referred to as rent or hire. [D03525]

N

 GAT
Legacy Thinking
Wedded to outmoded concepts and practices. [D02632]

N

 RMW
Legal
Established by law. [D02933]

N

 Webster
Legal Agreement
A legal document that sets out the terms of a contract between two parties. [D00073]

JN
CHMT

 PMK87
Legal Aspects
Considerations that must be taken into account because of relevant laws. [D02934]

N

 RMW
Legal Awareness
Recognition of prevailing and relevant law. [D02935]

FGJN
CHMT

 RMW
An awareness of the relevant legal duties, rights, and processes which govern in a particular project situation. It may cover potential causes of disputes, liabilities, breaches of contract, means of resolving a dispute, and legal basics of industrial relations. [D03444]

JN
C

 CRMP
Legal Opinion
A written statement by a lawyer describing what is legal or lawful in accordance with the governing laws of the relevant jurisdiction. [D06041]

N

 PMTWG
Legal, Ethical, and Moral Conduct
Legal conduct is established and authorized by law. Ethical conduct is established by published professional standards of conduct. Moral conduct is established by generally accepted standards of rightness of conduct. Considerable overlap may exist in these categories.
Editor's Note: "Rightness of Conduct" may well be a reflection of the values of the local or national culture in which the project takes place, and which may be very different from that of the performing organization. [D04127]

FGJN
CHMT

 CSM
Legally Concerned
Those individuals who are concerned with assuring that the project complies with all aspects of the law. [D00921]

N

 PMK87
Legend
An explanatory list of symbols that is or can be shown on a chart of graph. [D00922]

N

 MSP98
Legislation
The exercise of the power and function of making rules (as laws) that have the force of authority by virtue of their promulgation by an official organ of a state or other organization. [D02936]

FGJ
CHMT

 Webster
Definitions for page L01: 50

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