Wideman Comparative Glossary of Common Project Management Terms v3.1 is copyright by R. Max Wideman, March 2002.

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Material Requirements Planning - to - Methodology

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Definition     Editor's Choice
Material Requirements Planning ("MRP")
An approach for material planning and ordering based on known or forecast demand requirements, lead times for obtaining each item, and existing inventories of all items. [D00996]

 OTOB 271-4
Material Resource Plan
A plan for sourcing and sequencing materials for a project. See, for example, Just-in-Time. [D03004]

Material Review Board
The formal Contractor-Government Board established for the purpose of reviewing, evaluating, and disposing of specific non-conforming supplies or services; and, for assuring the initiation and accomplishment of corrective action to preclude recurrence. [D00997]

 MIL-STD 105
Materials Control
Controlling flow of materials, i.e. equipment and bulks to a building site or yard. [D00998]

Mathematical Analysis
See Network Analysis. [D00999]

Mathematical Programming
See Computer Modeling. [D03072]

Matrix Management
A cooperative organizational approach in which: The project manager often actually "buys" these services with project funds. [D04140]

Organizations were traditionally managed by a series of functional departments. Projects cut across departmental boundaries and create a matrix. Types of matrix include Functional, Coordinated, Balanced, Secondment and Project. [D03868]

Matrix Organization
A combination of the advantages of the pure functional (traditional) structure and the product organizational structure. The project manager has total responsibility and accountability for project success, functional managers provide technical and business assistance to the project manager from outside the project management office. [D03652]

An organizational structure that uses functional supervisors as well as project supervisors to manage the same people, depending on the assignment. A strong matrix is similar to a pure project organization, while a weak matrix operates more like a functional organization. [D01000]

 OTOB 271-4
An organizational Structure where the lines of responsibility go in at least two directions. [D01001]

An organizational structure where the project manager and the functional managers share the responsibility of assigning priorities and for directing the work. [D01002]

Any organizational structure in which the project manager shares responsibility with the functional managers for assigning priorities and for directing the work of individuals assigned to the project. [D01003]

The form of organization in which there is a project management functional specialty as well as other functional specialties, and where the project management function has responsibility for accomplishing the project work by drawing upon the other functional specialties as required. [D01004]

 SPM 304-9
A two dimensional organizational structure in which the horizontal and vertical intersections represent different staffing positions with responsibility divided between the horizontal and vertical authorities. [D01005]

Matrix Responsibilities
A method of allocating precise responsibilities to a project team. [D01006]

 CPMUSC 176-8
Matrix Responsibility Chart
A chart showing the respective authorities and responsibilities of personnel working in a matrix organization. [D03006]

Matrix, in management
The interface structure between functional and project management which defines the vertical and horizontal intersections of responsibility/authority involved in the management of projects. See also Matrix Organization. [D03005]

  1. The state of being fully developed
  2. The termination of the period that an obligation has to run

Maturity Level
A well-defined evolutionary plateau toward achieving a mature software acquisition process. The five maturity levels in the SA-CMM are Initial, Repeatable, Defined, Quantitative, and Optimizing. [D05189]

Maturity Model
A published framework as a basis for determining the degree of maturity of an organization, particularly one in the field of project management. [D03008]

Maximum Price
The upper limit of payment in some types of contract; the most a buyer is willing to pay to a seller for specified goods and/or services. [D03009]

See Management by Methods

See Management by Objectives

See Management by Politics

See Management by Rules

See Management by Values

See Management by Walking Around

Mean Time Between Failures ("MTBF")
The functional life of an item divided by the total number of failures during that time. [D03651]

A measure of maintainability derived by dividing total time between system failures by the number of samples over a selected time frame, usually one year. [D04141]

Anything wherein the amount can be quantified. [D03010]

To ascertain the characteristics or features (extent, dimension, quantity, capacity, and capability) of something, especially by comparing with a standard. [D05190]

Measure of Effectiveness
A quantifiable comparison of results obtained under specific external conditions and decisions. Examples include profit, quality, and customer satisfaction. [D04142]

The determination of the dimensions, capacity, quantity, or amount, in whatever types of units, of an object, product, or process. [D03012]

Steps taken, usually to ward off some impending or potential event. [D03013]

Measuring and Test Equipment
All devices used to measure, gauge, test, inspect, diagnose, or otherwise examine materials, supplies and equipment to determine compliance with technical requirements. (Proposed DODD on Management of Metrology) [D01007]

Medium Term
Anything occurring over or involving an intermediate period of time, i.e. between long term and short term. [D03014]

Any exchange between two or more people, usually formalized in some way such as the issue of a prior agenda and subsequent minutes or notes of the meeting. [D03016]

Memorandum of Agreement ("MOA")
A document that describes the background, assumptions, and agreements between two parties. In a contractual agreement, the buyer and seller often create a MOA at the conclusion of contract negotiations. [D04143]

Memorandum of Understanding ("MOU")
Any written agreement-in-principle describing how a commitment will be administered. [D03655]

A document that describes an agreement for cooperative effort between two separate organizations. [D04144]

Merge Node
In a network diagram, a node at which two or more activities precede the start of the subsequent activity. [D01008]

 SPM 304-9
Merit Rating
Another way of providing incentive but on an individual basis. A systematic assessment of a person's worth compared to others. Factors should include productivity and quality of work, time keeping, loyalty, and general contribution to the team effort. Impact is often only marginal because large differences between people, when known by others, can be counter productive. See also Job Evaluation. [D03073]

A communication model whereby the distributed applications communicate by sending messages to each other. A message is typically a short packet of information that does not necessarily require a reply. Messaging implements asynchronous communications method. A fragment of Java code within a class that can be invoked and passed a set of parameters to perform a specific task. [D04856]

A reasonably complete set of rules and criteria that establishes a precise and repeatable way of performing a task and arriving at a desired result. [D05191]

The manner or way in which work is done. When formalized into a prescribed manner of performing specified work, a method becomes a procedure. [D01009]

A prescribed way for performing a given task, given adequate consideration to the objectives, facilities available and total expenditure of effort, time and money. [D05020]

Method Study
By systematically studying a repetitive task, it is often possible to identify parts that do not contribute usefully, or can be improved to reduce the labor, material and/or time required for their performance. Can be applied to almost any type of work. Has particular application to improving cost and schedule performance on long duration project activities containing highly cyclical tasks. Examples are continuous sliding formwork, tunneling, track laying and so on. Time study is usually necessary to measure the increment of time required for each individual movement making up the total task. [D03074]

A documented process for management of projects that contains procedures, definitions and roles and responsibilities. [D01010]

See Project Methodology. [D03870]

A collection of methods, procedures, and standards that defines an integrated synthesis of approaches. [D05192]

Definitions for page M02: 51

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