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Wideman Comparative Glossary of Common Project Management Terms v3.1 is copyright by R. Max Wideman, March 2002.

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Slack Time - to - Specification

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Term
Definition     Editor's Choice
 
Source
Slack Time
The amount of time a task can slip before it affects another taskÍs dates or the project finish date. [D01857]

 MSP98
In a network diagram, the amount of time on any path other than the critical path that is the difference between the time to a common node on the critical path and the other path. [D01856]

 SPM 304-9
Slip Chart
A pictorial representation of the predicted completion dates of milestones (also referred to as Trend Chart. [D04526]

 APM
Slippage
The amount of time a task has been delayed from its original baseline plan. The slippage is the difference between the scheduled start or finish date for a task and the baseline start or finish date. Slippage can occur when a baseline plan is set and the actual dates subsequently entered for tasks are later than the baseline dates or the actual durations are longer than the baseline plan durations. [D01858]

 MSP98
The amount of slack or float time used up by the current activity due to a delayed start. If an activity without float is delayed, the entire project will slip. [D01859]

 WST
PMST
SLVAR
See Summary Level Variance Analysis Reporting

  
Smoothing
Differences between two groups are played down and the strong points of agreement are given the most attention. [D01860]

 PMK87
In resource-scheduling, this refers to an option that modifies the way time-limited scheduling (and resource-limited with thresholds) works. The objective of time-limited scheduling is to minimize the maximum extent that each resource availability needs to be exceeded, and the standard algorithm gives itself the maximum flexibility to achieve this by making use of any excess already incurred. The smoothing option modifies this so that it will not use the excess for a particular activity unless necessary in order to schedule that activity within its total float. [D01861]

 WST
Social
Relating to human society, the interaction of the individual and the group, or the welfare of human beings as members of society. Tending to form cooperative and interdependent relationships with others of one's kind. [D03280]

 Webster
Social Factors
The values, beliefs, traditions, and attitudes of the people, e.g. of the Project Team members, or the Stakeholders.
Editor's Note: See also Culture, and Project Culture. [D02331]

 RMW
Social Loafing
An undesirable condition in which individuals who are working on a project fail to take initiative because they believe that someone else will do it, or should do it (because it is someone else's responsibility.)
Editor's Note: Often as a result of some personal hurt and feeling of resentment. [D02339]

 PMH p321
Socioeconomic
Relating to both social and economic factors, or involving a combination of both, [D03281]

 Webster
Soft Project
A project which is intended to bring about some form of change, e.g. a relocation or re-organization, and does not have physical end products. [D03950]

 PNG
Soft Skills
Skills such as team building, conflict management and negotiation. Too much emphasis is often placed on the hard skills in project management. Soft skills should not be underestimated as a vital part of the project manager's competencies. [D01862]

 PNG
Software
See Computer Software. [D03283]

  
Software Architecture
A description that encompasses: [D04879]

 RUP
Software Development
The process by which user needs are translated into software requirements; software requirements are translated into design; the design is implemented in code; and the code is tested, documented, and certified for operational use. [D04235]

 CSM
Software Development Library ("SDL")
A controlled collection of software, documentation, and associated tools and procedures used to facilitate the orderly development and subsequent support of software. The SDL includes the Development Configuration as part of its contents. An SDL provides storage of, and controlled access to, software and documentation in human-readable form, machine-readable form, or both. The library may also contain management data pertinent to the software development project. [D04236]

 CSM
Software Development Plan
A document describing a developer's plans for conducting software development. [D04237]

 CSM
Software Engineering
That field within computer science responsible for the establishment and use of sound engineering principles and methods in order to economically obtain reliable and functional software. [D01863]

 SPM 304-9
Software Product Specification
Consists of the Software Design Document and source code listing for a Computer Software Configuration Item. [D04238]

 CSM
Software Project
A project in which the principal deliverable item is a report or other form of documentation, such as a computer program. [D01864]

 SPM 304-9
Software Quality Assurance
The design and implementation of design features and procedures to ensure that software requirements and specifications can be verified. [D01865]

 SU
Software Specification Review
A control gate at which the Provider reviews the functional performance specifications of the software and firmware configuration items. The SSR is the decision point to proceed with preliminary design. [D01866]

 VPM 291-4
Sole Source
The only qualified source possessing a unique and singularly available performance capability for the purpose of a contract award. [D04239]

 CSM
Only one source which could fulfill the requirements of the procurement. [D01286]

 PMK87
Sole Sourcing
The acquisition of supplies or services after soliciting and negotiating with only one source. [D03691]

 RMW
A contract for the purchase of supplies or services that is entered into or proposed to be entered into after soliciting and negotiating with only one source. [D03572]

 GAT
Solicitation
An invitation to prospective bidders to respond to a request for proposal, or quotation. [D03692]

 RMW
The process of obtaining quotes, bids or proposals. [D01867]

 WST
The process of issuing a document requesting submission of an offer, quote, or information and obtaining responses. [D03573]

 GAT
Solicitation Package
When seeking suppliers for a particular acquisition, it is the information distributed which tells the interested bidders what the requirements are, how to prepare their proposals, how proposals will be evaluated, and when to submit their proposals. Sometimes called request for proposals (RFP). [D05210]

 SA-CMM
Solicitation Planning
Identifying targets for quotes, bids or proposals. [D01868]

 WST
Solution Selection
A systematic process of evaluating available options relative to established requirements and choosing the most beneficial. [D03284]

 RMW
Solving
Finding a solution, explanation, or answer. [D03285]

 Webster
Source
A point of origin for information or for procurement. A firsthand observation, or document as a primary reference work [D03286]

 Webster
Source Code
Programming language software before translation into machine-executable instructions. [D04021]

 CSM
Source List
A list of contractors judged capable by the procuring organization from which bids, proposals, or quotations may be solicited. Verification of contractor capability typically involves review of financial status and past performance, as well as on-site review of facilities and personnel. [D04240]

 CSM
Source Selection
Choosing from potential contractors. [D01869]

 WST
Source Selection, in procurement
The process of selecting organizations and/or individuals whose resources, credibility and performance are expected to meet the contract/procurement objectives. [D01287]

 PMK87
Sourcing
The determination of sources from which goods and/or services may be obtained to meet the needs of a project. [D03287]

 RMW
SOW
See Statement of Work

  
Span Activity
See Hammocks. [D01870]

  
Special Conditions
A section of a set of contract documents that set out any special requirements for the work, or conditions under which it is to be conducted, and which are specific to the contract at hand. [D03288]

 RMW
Special Requirements
See Special Conditions. [D03289]

  
Specialist
One who specializes in a particular occupation, practice, or branch of learning. [D03290]

 Webster
Specific
Restricted to a particular individual, situation, relation, or effect. Free from ambiguity. [D03291]

 Webster
Specification
The document that prescribes the requirements with which the product or services has to conform. [D01874]

 ISO 8402
QMPP
(In Contract/ Procurement Mgt.) Written pictorial or graphic information which describes, defines or specifies the services or items to be procured. [D01871]

 PMK87
A document intended primarily for use in procurement, which clearly and accurately describes the essential and technical requirements for items, materials, or services, including the procedures by which it will be determined that the requirements have been met. Specifications for items and materials may also contain preservation, packaging, packing and marking requirements. [D01872]

 06 4120.3-M
QMPP
An information vehicle that provides a precise description of a specific physical item, procedure, or result for the purpose of purchase and/or implementation of the item or service. [D01873]

 PMK87
A declarative description of what something is or does. Contrast: implementation. [D04771]

 RUP
Definitions for page S04: 52


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