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Wideman Comparative Wideman Comparative Glossary of Common Project Management Terms v5.5 is copyright © R. Max Wideman, 2000-2017.

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Last updated 12-22-17

Master Glossary
Information   - to -   Inspection
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Term
Definition     Editor's Choice
Cat Source
Information
Knowledge, news or intelligence that may or may not be reliable that is conveyed in some form such as verbal, written, electronic, etc. [D02850]

N

 RMW
All data and document resources of a firm, which may be composed of discrete forms of text, images, audio, or numerics. [D05231]

N

 063
Information Distribution
The making of needed information available to project stakeholders in a timely manner. It includes implementing communication management plans as well as responding to unexpected requests for information. [D03439]

JN
CHMT

 CRMP
Distributing information to stakeholders in a timely manner. [D00822]

JN
CHMT

 WST
Information Flow
See Distribution List [D00823]

N

  
Information Gathering
Researching, organizing, recording and comprehending pertinent information/data. [D00825]

N

 PMK87
Information Input
A source of information. A contribution to a body of information. [D02851]

N

 RMW
Information Management
The modeling, gathering, selecting, storing and retrieving data whether formatted, unformatted, graphical, hard copy, or electronic copy. [D06433]

FGJ
CHMT

 IPMA p74
The proper organization and appropriate control of information transmitted by whatever means and including records management. [D02852]

N

 RMW
The management of the systems, activities, and data that allow information in a project to be effectively acquired, stored, processed, accessed, communicated, and archived. There should be a valid audit trail of this communication process. Projects generate and absorb significant quantities of information. It is important that the project has an effective information management system. [D03440]

N

 CRMP
The use of all agency personnel, processes, policies, and technologies that define and comprise the information infrastructure in order to coordinate the uses of information from the time it is created until it is no longer useful and is eliminated. [D05232]

N

 063
Information Strategy
A plan or method to improve how information is managed, i.e. created, captured or entered, manipulated, exchanged and stored. [D05234]

N

 063
Information System
A combination of personnel, efforts, forms, instructions, procedures, data, communication facilities and equipment that provides an organized and interconnected means for displaying information in support of specific functions. [D03632]

FGJN
T

 DSMC
A structured, interacting, complex of persons, machines, and procedures designed to produce information which is collected from both internal and external sources for use as a basis for decision-making in specific contract/procurement activities. [D00826]

N

 PMK87
Information Technology ("IT")
A sector of the economy that encompasses electronic hardware and software for purposes of transmitting and receiving information. [D02853]

FGJN
T

 RMW
Any equipment, or interconnected system(s) or subsystem(s) of equipment, that is used in the automatic acquisition, storage, manipulation, management, movement, control, display, switching, interchange, transmission, or reception of data or information [D03514]

JN
T

 GAT
A specific area of project management application (APMA). [D04843]

FGJ
T

 RMW
The hardware, software, and computerized systems that process information and are typically developed to simplify or enhance specific tasks within the business cycle. [D05233]

F
T

 063
Information Technology Infrastructure Library ("ITIL")
A library of widely accepted best practices observed in the IT service industry as an approach to IT Service management. ITIL Service Delivery best practices have a strategic focus, concentrating on long-term planning and improvement of IT services. They consist of five processes.
  1. Service Level Management
  2. Capacity Management
  3. IT Service Continuity Management
  4. Availability Management
  5. Financial Management
ITIL Service Support best practices have an operational focus, concentrating on the day-to-day running and support of IT services. They consist of five processes and one function.
  1. Incident Management
  2. Problem Management
  3. Configuration Management
  4. Change Management
  5. Release Management
  6. Service Desk (Function)
ITIL quality improvement borrows from the Plan Do Check Act (PDCA) cycle to conform to project management practices through PLAN (Initiate and Planning), DO (Execution, Monitoring and Control), CHECK (Audit), ACT (Project Closure). [D06024]

N
T

 111
Information Theory
The mathematical modeling and analysis of information processing for the benefit of project organization and communication. [D03065]

N

 CCCP
Information Vehicle
Any form of conveyance for the transfer of information. [D02854]

N

 RMW
Information/Communications Management
The proper organization and direction of information, transmitted by whatever means, including storage and retrieval, to satisfy the needs of a project, program or portfolio. [D05659]

FGJN

 MFP3i
The proper organization and control of information transmitted by whatever means to satisfy the needs of the project. [D00827]

J

 FWH
Information/Communications Management Plan
See Communications Management Plan. [D05660]

FGJ
CHMT

  
Infrastructure
Any of the following:
  1. The underlying foundation or basic framework (as of a system or organization)
  2. The permanent installations required for military purposes
  3. The system of public works of a country, state, or region; also: the resources (as personnel, buildings, or equipment) required for an activity
[D02855]

FGJ
CHMT

 Webster
A broadly defined term that includes both "traditional" forms of infrastructure such as IS/IT, telecommunications and estates, as well as supporting services such as accountancy, staffing and personnel. [D05002]

J
T

 KSI
In-House
Within the organization. Typically refers to work undertaken by the employees of the organization rather than by outside contract. [D02856]

FGJ
CHMT

 RMW
Work performed by one's own employees as opposed to an outside contractor. [D06007]

J

 PMTWG
In-House Project
A project commissioned and carried out entirely within a single organization. [D04452]

J

 APM
Initial Operation
See Operation. [D00828]

JN

  
Initiating
The act of Initiation. [D02857]

N

 RMW
Initiation
Committing the organization to begin a project. [D00829]

N

 WST
Initiation Phase
The process of preparing for, assembling resources and getting work started. May apply to any level, e.g. program, project, phase, activity, task. [D02858]

FGJN
CHMT

 RMW
Innovation
The introduction of something new. A new idea, method, or device, a novelty. [D02859]

FG

 Webster
In-Progress Activity
An activity that has been started but is not completed on a given date. [D00830]

JN

 PMK87
Input
The application of some kind of resource to a process to achieve a certain kind of output. [D06008]

JN

 SU
Power, energy, resources, data, etc, put into a system for conversion of some kind, usually for purposes of retrieving or producing some form of modified output or result. [D02860]

N

 RMW
Input Limits
Imposition of limitations to the resources through which the plan will be executed. [D00831]

N

 PMK87
Input Milestones
Imposed target dates or target events that are to be accomplished, and which control the plan with respect to time. [D00832]

JN

 PMK87
Input Priorities
Imposed priorities or sequence desired with respect to the scheduling of activities within previously imposed constraints. [D00833]

JN

 PMK87
Input Restraints
Imposed external restraints, such as dates reflecting input from others and target dates reflecting output required by others, and such items as float allocation and constraints. [D00834]

JN

 PMK87
Inputs
Two types:
Editor's Note: Money is sometimes included, but this is really a surrogate for the true resources. [D05373]

JN

 TGPM
Inquiry
A request or search for information. [D02861]

JN

 Webster
In-Service Date
That point in time when the project is placed in a state of readiness or availability when it can be used for its specifically assigned function. [D00835]

JN
CHMT

 PMK87
Inspecting
The act of inspection. [D02862]

N

 RMW
Inspection
Verification of compliance with requirements that are readily observable such as construction features, dimensions, other physical characteristics, and workmanship. [D05374]

GJN
CHMT

 RMW
Examination or measurement of work to verify whether an item or activity conforms to a specific requirement. [D00836]

N

 PMK87
Examining and testing of supplies and services (including, when appropriate, raw materials, components, and intermediate assemblies) to determine whether they conform to contract requirements. [D00837]

N

 FAR 46.101
QMPP
Activities such as measuring, examining, testing, gauging one or more characteristics of a product or service and comparing these with specified requirements to determine conformity. [D00838]

N

 ISO 8402
QMPP
A formal evaluation technique in which some artifact (model, document, software) is examined by a person or group other than the originator, to detect faults, violations of development standards, and other problems. [D04735]

N

 RUP
Definitions for page I02: 50

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