Wideman Comparative Glossary of Common Project Management Terms v3.1 is copyright by R. Max Wideman, March 2002.

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Information Management - to - Instrumentation

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Definition     Editor's Choice
Information Management
The proper organization and appropriate control of information transmitted by whatever means and including records management. [D02852]

The management of the systems, activities, and data that allow information in a project to be effectively acquired, stored, processed, accessed, communicated, and archived. There should be a valid audit trail of this communication process. Projects generate and absorb significant quantities of information. It is important that the project has an effective information management system. [D03440]

Information System
A combination of personnel, efforts, forms, instructions, procedures, data, communication facilities and equipment that provides an organized and interconnected means for displaying information in support of specific functions. [D03632]

A structured, interacting, complex of persons, machines, and procedures designed to produce information which is collected from both internal and external sources for use as a basis for decision-making in specific contract/procurement activities. [D00826]

Information Technology
A sector of the economy that encompasses electronic hardware and software for purposes of transmitting and receiving information. [D02853]

Any equipment, or interconnected system(s) or subsystem(s) of equipment, that is used in the automatic acquisition, storage, manipulation, management, movement, control, display, switching, interchange, transmission, or reception of data or information [D03514]

A specific area of project management application (APMA). [D04843]

Information Theory
The mathematical modeling and analysis of information processing for the benefit of project organization and communication. [D03065]

Information Vehicle
Any form of conveyance for the transfer of information. [D02854]

Information/Communications Management
The proper organization and control of information transmitted by whatever means to satisfy the needs of the project. [D00827]

Any of the following:
  1. The underlying foundation or basic framework (as of a system or organization)
  2. The permanent installations required for military purposes
  3. The system of public works of a country, state, or region; also: the resources (as personnel, buildings, or equipment) required for an activity

A broadly defined term that includes both "traditional" forms of infrastructure such as IS/IT, telecommunications and estates, as well as supporting services such as accountancy, staffing and personnel. [D05002]

Within the organization. Typically refers to work undertaken by the employees of the organization rather than by outside contract. [D02856]

In-House Project
A project commissioned and carried out entirely within a single organization. [D04452]

Initial Operation
See Operation. [D00828]

The act of Initiation. [D02857]

The process of preparing for, assembling resources and getting work started. May apply to any level, e.g. program, project, phase, activity, task. [D02858]

Committing the organization to begin a project. [D00829]

The introduction of something new. A new idea, method, or device, a novelty. [D02859]

In-Progress Activity
An activity that has been started but is not completed on a given date. [D00830]

Power, energy, resources, data, etc, put into a system for conversion of some kind, usually for purposes of retrieving or producing some form of modified output or result. [D02860]

Input Limits
Imposition of limitations to the resources through which the plan will be executed. [D00831]

Input Milestones
Imposed target dates or target events that are to be accomplished, and which control the plan with respect to time. [D00832]

Input Priorities
Imposed priorities or sequence desired with respect to the scheduling of activities within previously imposed constraints. [D00833]

Input Restraints
Imposed external restraints, such as dates reflecting input from others and target dates reflecting output required by others, and such items as float allocation and constraints. [D00834]

A request or search for information. [D02861]

In-Service Date
That point in time when the project is placed in a state of readiness or availability when it can be used for its specifically assigned function. [D00835]

The act of inspection. [D02862]

Activities such as measuring, examining, testing, gauging one or more characteristics of a product or service and comparing these with specified requirements to determine conformity. [D00838]

 ISO 8402
Examination or measurement of work to verify whether an item or activity conforms to a specific requirement. [D00836]

Examining and testing of supplies and services (including, when appropriate, raw materials, components, and intermediate assemblies) to determine whether they conform to contract requirements. [D00837]

 FAR 46.101
A formal evaluation technique in which some artifact (model, document, software) is examined by a person or group other than the originator, to detect faults, violations of development standards, and other problems. [D04735]

Inspection , Quality Conformance
All examinations and tests performed on items or services for the purpose of determining conformance with specified requirements. [D00839]

 06 4120.3-M
Inspection by Attributes
Inspection whereby either the unit of product or characteristics thereof, is classified simply as defective or non-defective, or the number of defects in the unit of product is counted, with respect to a given requirement. [D00840]

 MIL-STD 105
Inspection by Variables
Inspection wherein certain quality characteristics of sample are evaluated with respect to a continuous numerical scale and expressed as precise points along this scale. Variables inspection records the degree of conformance or non-conformance of the unit with specified requirements for the quality characteristics involved. [D00841]

 MIL-STD 105
Inspection Cyclical
A system whereby supplies and equipment in storage are subjected to, but not limited to, periodic, and special inspection and continuous action to assure that material is maintained in a ready for issue condition. [D00842]

 MIL-STD 105
Inspection In-Process
Inspection which is performed during the manufacturing or repair cycle in an effort to prevent defectives from occurring and to inspect the characteristics and attributes which are not capable of being inspected at final inspection. [D00843]

 MIL-STD 105
Inspection Level
An indication of the relative sample size for a given amount of product. [D00844]

 MIL-STD 105
Inspection Record
Recorded data concerning the results of inspection action. [D00845]

 MIL-STD 105
Inspection Requirements
The specific requirements that have been specified or laid down for purposes of conducting a particular inspection. [D02863]

Inspection System Requirement
A requirement to establish and maintain an inspection system in accordance with government specification, MIL445208. The requirement is referenced in contracts when technical requirements are such as to require control of quality by in-process as well as final, end item inspection. [D00846]

Inspection Tightened
Inspection under a sampling plan using the same quality level as for normal inspection, but requiring more stringent acceptance criteria. [D00847]

Inspection, Original
First inspection of a particular quantity of product as distinguished from the inspection of product which has been resubmitted after prior rejection. [D00848]

 MIL-STD 105
Something put in place, or the process of putting in place, whether by assembly, construction, or setup, etc. [D02864]

An individual entity satisfying the description of a class or type. [D04844]

An established society or organized body for promoting some public or social purpose, typically associated with the professions. [D02865]

Institutional Structure
The formal and acknowledged hierarchy within an organization. [D02866]

The building of infrastructure and corporate culture that supports methods, practices, and procedures so that they are the ongoing way of doing business, even after those who originally defined them are gone. [D05185]

See Field Clarification. [D00850]

The application of instruments (or metrics) for observation, measurement, or control. [D05186]

Definitions for page I02: 50

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