Wideman Comparative Glossary of Common Project Management Terms v3.1 is copyright by R. Max Wideman, March 2002.

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Project Leadership - to - Project Manager

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Definition     Editor's Choice
Project Leadership
Leadership in the context of a project, e.g. leading with a focus on the project's goals and objectives and the effectiveness and efficiency of the process. [D03194]

Project Life Cycle
The four sequential major time periods through which any project passes, namely:
  1. Concept
  2. Definition
  3. Execution (implementation or development)
  4. Finishing (commissioning or close out).
Each period may be identified as a Phase and further broken down into stages that typically reflect the area of project management application and the size and complexity of the specific project.
Editor's Note: The label "Project Life Cycle" would be better described as "Project Life Span". [D01432]

A collection of project phases whose name and number are determined by the control needs of the organization or organizations involved in the project. [D01428]

The complete set of time periods through which a project passes sequentially in a logical and orderly manner. In its simplest form the life cycle consists of four major periods:
  1. Concept (where the project concept as a need solution is selected and defined)
  2. Development or Definition (where the concept is verified and developed into a workable plan for implementation)
  3. Implementation (where the implementation plan is carried out); and
  4. Closeout (where the project process is completed and documented, and the finished product is transferred to the care, custody and control of the owner.)
Progress through the project life cycle is identified by milestones, but these major periods should be separated by Control Gates or Executive Control Points. [D01429]

The four sequential phases in time through which any project passes, namely: Concept; Definition (or Development); Execution (Implementation or Operation); Finishing (Termination or Close Out).
Note: These phases may be further broken down into stages depending on the area of project application. [D01430]

The period from project initiation to completion. [D01431]

The events, from beginning to end, necessary to complete a project. [D01434]

While there are many different versions of the Project Life Cycle, all essentially contain the steps of germination of the idea, proposal and initiation, design and appraisal, mobilization of the team, execution and control, integration of the team and their work, testing, commissioning and handover of the project's product and closeout of the work. [D02626]

The sequence of phases through which the project will evolve. It is absolutely fundamental to the management of projects, and is the only thing that uniquely distinguishes projects from non-projects. It will significantly affect how the project is structured. The basic life cycle follows a common generic sequence: Opportunity, Design & Development, Production, Hand-over, Post-Project Evaluation. The exact wording varies between industries and organizations. There should be evaluation and approval points between phases often termed "gates". [D03748]

All phases or stages between a project's conception and its termination.
Note: The project life cycle may include the operation and disposal of project deliverables. This is usually known as an Extended Life Cycle.
Editor's Note: This Editor disagrees. The definitions of Project are clear and do not include Operation and Disposal. The Extended Life Cycle as defined here should be referred to as the Product Life Cycle. [D04590]

Project Life Cycle Cost
Cumulative cost of a project over its whole life cycle.
Editor's Note: Presumably "whole life cycle" refers to all of the project's phases from owner's conception to completion and transfer. [D04485]

Project Life Cycle, Phases and Stages
The division of the time required to accomplish a project into sequential time periods . [D01433]

Project Life Span ("PLS")
See Project Life Cycle. [D04902]

Project Location
The site on which, or at which, the work of the project takes place. [D03195]

Project Log
A project diary. A chronological record of significant occurrences throughout the project. [D04486]

Project Logic
The relationships between the various activities in a project. [D01435]

Project Logic Drawing
A representation of the logical relationships of a project. [D01436]

Project Maker
A person charged with total responsibility for creating a viable project, including public relations, political, economical, technical, etc. (Archaic: A person that repeatedly proposes unnecessary or impossible projects.) [D01437]

Project Management ("PM")
The art and science of managing a project from inception to closure as evidenced by successful product delivery and transfer.
Editor's Note: See also Change. [D01444]

An approach used to manage work within constraints of time, cost and performance targets. [D01438]

May be informally defined as "The art of directing and coordinating human and material resources to achieve stated objectives within limits of time, budget, and stakeholders' satisfaction." Or more formally defined as "The application of modern management techniques and systems to the execution of a project from start to finish, to achieve predetermined objectives of scope, quality, time and cost, to the equal satisfaction of those involved. See also management. [D01439]

The combination of systems, techniques, and people required to complete a project within established goals of time, budget, and quality. [D01440]

The process of directing and coordinating human and material resources throughout the project life cycle using modern management techniques to achieve established objectives of scope, quality, time, cost and stakeholder satisfaction. [D01441]

The application of knowledge, skills, tools, and techniques to project activities in order to meet or exceed stakeholder needs and expectations. [D01442]

The art of directing and coordinating human and material resources throughout the life of a project by using modern management techniques to achieve predetermined objectives of scope, quality , time, cost, and participant satisfaction, [D01443]

The process of reducing project risk and uncertainty to achieve development objectives. [D02620]

The planning, scheduling, and controlling of project activities to achieve performance, cost, and time objectives, for a given scope of work, while using resources efficiently and effectively, [D03618]

The discipline of managing projects successfully. Project management can and should be applied throughout the project lifecycle, from the earliest stages of concept definition into operations & maintenance. It comprises the management of all that is involved in achieving the project objectives safely and within agreed time, cost, technical, quality and other performance criteria. Project management provides the "single point of integrative responsibility" needed to ensure that everything on the project is managed effectively to ensure a successful project deliverable. [D03750]

The controlled implementation of defined change. [D04487]

Planning, monitoring and control of all aspects of a project and the motivation of all those involved in it to achieve the project objectives on time and to the specified cost, quality and performance. [D04592]

Project Management
The planning, monitoring and control of all aspects of a project and the motivation of all those involved in it to achieve the project objectives on time and to specified cost, quality and performance. [D05074]

Project Management Body of Knowledge ("PMBoK")
An inclusive term that describes the sum of knowledge within the profession of project management. As with other professions such as law and medicine, the body of knowledge rests with the practitioners and academics that apply and advance it. [D01445]

All subject areas covered in sufficient depth to understand and apply sound project management principles and practices necessary for the successful planning and accomplishment of projects. [D01446]

All those topics, subject areas and intellectual processes which are involved in the application of sound management principles to the collective execution of any type of effort which qualify as projects. [D01447]

Project Management Competence
The ability to effectively apply skills and behaviors to improve project performance. [D04600]

Project Management Elements
An interactive group of 10 management responsibilities applied to all phases of the Project Cycle by all organizations participating in the project to accomplish the project objectives. These ten elements are:
  1. Project Requirements.
  2. Organizational Options.
  3. Project Team.
  4. Project Planning.
  5. Opportunities and Risks.
  6. Project Control.
  7. Project Visibility.
  8. Project Status.
  9. Corrective Action.
  10. Project Leadership.

Project Management Information System
The gathering, recording, filtering and dissemination of pertinent information for members of a project team. [D01448]

A system used to chart activities and data and used to track progress and information flow in a project that is most frequently computerized, but not always. [D01449]

 OTOB 271-4
Project Management Integration
The harmonizing of the four core project management functions of scope, quality, time and cost, through the four facilitating functions of risk, human resources, contract/procurement and information/communications, for purposes of satisfying the project's stakeholders. Scope and quality reflect the technical requirements of the project. [D01451]

Project Management Manual
A set of instructions for organizing and managing a specific project. [D01453]

Project Management Office ("PMO")
The organizational entity with full time personnel to provide a focal point for the discipline of project management. Also known as project office, project management center of excellence, or directorate of project managers. [D05075]

The group of technical, business and management personnel assigned full time to a program or project in support of the Program/Project Manager. The group may include personnel from participating organizations. [D03653]

Project Management Plan
A baseline tool used as a reference for managing the project. It is the most important document in the overall planning, monitoring, and implementation of a project and should be "owned" by the project manager and his/her team. The plan should include:

The Project Management Plan establishes project management's interpretation of the why, what, how, who, how much, and when of the project. [D03749]

Project Management Process
Project cycle, phases, and activities that are managed by the techniques and tools of the ten project management elements to ensure that all project control gates are completed satisfactorily and that project objectives are accomplished. The formality of application is tailored to the type of project and value and risk of the project. [D04197]

Project Management Professional ("PMP")
An individual certified as such by the Project Management Institute.
PMI requires users of the PMP symbol to do the following: "Include the registered trademark symbol, "", immediately next to each use or appearance of the "PMP" mark, as well as acknowledge and state in a prominent portion of the publication on which the mark appears, that "PMP" is a registered service mark of the Project Management Institute, Inc." [D01454]

Project Management Software
A class of computer applications specifically designed to aid with planning and controlling project costs and schedules. [D01455]

A computer application designed to help with planning and controlling resources, costs and schedules of a project. [D01456]

Project Management Team
The members of the project team who are directly involved in project management activities. On some smaller projects, the project management team may include virtually all of the project team members. [D01458]

Members of the project team who are directly involved in its management. [D01457]

Project Manager ("PM")
The person who heads up the project team and is assigned the authority and responsibility for conducting the project and meeting project objectives through project management. [D01464]

Person responsible to the client for the project work. [D01459]

The individual appointed with responsibility for project management of the project. [D01460]

The person assigned responsibility and accountability for the project and is given the necessary authority to undertake that responsibility. The project manager reports to the project Sponsor. [D01461]

The Project Manager is the individual responsible for the day-to-day management of the project. [D01462]

The individual responsible for managing a project. [D01463]

The person responsible for delivering the project in the agreed schedule, to the correct technical specification, i.e. defined to meet user requirements, and within the approved budget and other specified criteria, e.g. Key Performance Indicators. [D03751]

A non-technical role to take day-to-day responsibility for management of the project throughout all its phases. [D03921]

Individual or body with authority, accountability and responsibility for managing a project to achieve specific objectives. [D04488]

A project level position responsible for integrating the efforts of all project contributors on his or her project. [D04606]

An individual who has been assigned responsibility for accomplishing a specific unit of work. The project manager is typically responsible for the planning, implementing, controlling, and reporting of status on a project.
Editor's Note: In this definition the project manager is responsible for "a unit of work", not necessarily the whole project. This is often the case in the real world of complex projects where "units of work" are assigned to different companies or organizations and consequently there is a proliferation of project managers on the project. [D04652]

The worker with overall responsibility for the project. The Project Manager needs to ensure tasks are scheduled, allocated and completed in accordance with project schedules, budgets and quality requirements. [D04752]

The person with authority to manage a project. This includes leading the planning and the development of all project deliverables. The project manager is responsible for managing the budget and work plan and all project management procedures (scope management, issues management, risk management, etc). [D05076]

The role with total business responsibility for an entire project; the individual who directs, controls, administers, and regulates a project acquiring software, a hardware/software system, or services. The project manager is the individual ultimately responsible to the end user. [D05205]

Definitions for page P12: 63

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