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Wideman Comparative Wideman Comparative Glossary of Common Project Management Terms v5.5 is copyright © R. Max Wideman, 2000-2017.

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Last updated 12-22-17

Master Glossary
Wage   - to -   Work Breakdown Structure
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Term
Definition     Editor's Choice
Cat Source
Wage
Money paid as compensation for labor or services usually according to contract and on an hourly, daily, or piecework basis. [D03398]

GJ
CHMT

 RMW
Waiver
A document stating a cancellation or reduction of a requirement. [D05220]

GJN
CHMT

 SA-CMM
See also Concession [D00273]

JN
CHMT

  
Buyer action that grants contract relief from achieving specified performance. Usually applied when the required performance is not worth the cost and/or schedule to achieve full compliance. [D04298]

JN

 CSM
Walk-through
Either
  1. The examination of the quality of an operational procedure or test by simulating the actual execution but bypassing high risk or expensive operations. It ensures that personnel and equipment are ready to carry out the real thing, or
  2. A peer group mentally stepping through software design and logic flow with test cases to identify errors.
[D04299]

JN
CHMT

 CSM
War Room
See Communication Room. [D02485]

JN

  
Warranty
A legal contract that defines how a product is expected to perform and the responsibility of the product vendor to address problems. [D05531]

JN
CHM

 MSA
A promise or affirmation given by a contractor to the government regarding the nature, usefulness, or condition of the supplies or performance of services furnished under the contract. [D02127]

JN
CHM

 FAR 46.701
QMPP
Watch List
A tool for capturing those things that may affect project performance but are not significant enough to enter a formal risk management process. The items on the list should expire as the results of each risk become known (happened, did not happen, or are resolved). [D05142]

JN
CHMT

 051
Waterfall
A name given to a particular form of presentation of the project life span. Rather than being broken into distinct periods of controlled phases, all activities appear as one long hierarchical succession. [D03399]

JN
T

 RMW
Waterfall Model
A phased development approach for hardware and software that requires milestones, products, and reviews at each phase transition. [D04300]

N
T

 CSM
WBS
See Work Breakdown Structure

FGJN
CHMT

  
WBS Coding
See Code of Accounts. [D03400]

JN
CHMT

  
WBS Dictionary
A document that describes each element in the WBS including a Statement of Work (SOW), describing the work content of the WBS element, and a Basis of Estimate (BOE), describing how the budget of the element was developed. Additional information about each WBS element might include the responsible organization, contract number, and so on. The WBS Dictionary will often result in the project or contract statement of work (SOW). [D02128]

JN
CHMT

 WST
Web Server
The server component of the World Wide Web. It is responsible for servicing requests for information from Web browsers. The information can be a file retrieved from the server's local disk or generated by a program called by the server to perform a specific application function. [D04898]

T

 RUP
Web Site
See Project Web Site. [D02486]

N
T

  
Weighting
The assigning of numerical values for a particular characteristic or property to represent relative importance within a group. Used for purposes of making a selection. [D05532]

JN
CHM

 SU
The process of assigning "weights" to different objects, especially to competing tenders, according to some established criteria for evaluating their relative merits or value and hence for making a logical and justifiable selection. [D03401]

JN
CHMT

 RMW
Well Managed Project
One that is optimized for effectiveness in its planning phases but emphasizes efficiency in its implementation phases that include commissioning, startup and close out. [D02129]

GJN
CHMT

 PMGdLns
Wet and Dry Test Runs
A procedure for testing plant and equipment prior to full commissioning. Dry test runs imply tests without product throughput, e.g. the testing of electrical power systems for continuity and integrity without applying the main power supply. Wet test runs imply running the equipment up to full load or higher with product, e.g. running pumping station tests and observing the flow of water, vibration, tendency towards cavitations and so on. [D03402]

N
CHM

 RMW
What Market Will Bear
A condition where the seller pushes the price of its product up to a point where sales are still viable, but beyond which buyers become reluctant to buy the product and sales start to fall. [D03403]

N

 RMW
What You See Is What You Get ("WYSIWYG")
A way of describing a computer user's interface in the early days of changing from a command text-based interface to a graphical user interface (GUI). [D04899]

T

 RMW
What-If Analysis
The process of evaluating alternative strategies. [D02130]

N

 WST
What-If Simulation
Changing the value of the parameters of the project network to study its behavior under various conditions of its operation. [D04562]

N
T

 APM
BS
Whole Life Costing
See Product Life Cycle Costing. [D02631]

FGJN
CHMT

 024
Whole Product
The complete project deliverable including all of its components, spares, technical documentation and so on. [D03404]

J

 RMW
Win-Win
When both parties are better off in the outcome after a negotiation has been completed. [D02131]

N

 OTOB p271-4
Withdrawal
One or both sides withdraw from the conflict. [D02132]

N

 PMK87
Withdrawal, in negotiating
The termination of negotiations without any agreement. [D02734]

N

 PMH p344
WITI Test
A way to separate means and fundamental objectives by answering the question: Why Is That Important? [D06553]

N

 PrjDec
Work
The effort spent on an activity or task. I.e., Effort x Time.
Editor's Note: Scientifically speaking, "effort or work = force x distance". However, "work" is often used in the sense of "work done" as in "work-to-date" (spent) on an activity or task. Hence: effort spent over a period of time. [D02176]

JN
CHMT

 RMW
Exertion of energy, physical or mental; effort directed to some purpose or end; an undertaking or enterprise; task; that which is done; the act of producing; toil; etc. [D02133]

N

 Webster
The total number of hours, people or effort required to complete a task. [D02134]

N

 WST
The expenditure of effort, physical and/or mechanical, in the course of an activity or task. [D02183]

JN
CH

 SU
The performance of any useful service for which payment is to be made. [D03409]

N

 SU
Either:
  1. As a noun, an object or thing, or
  2. As a verb, synonymous with activity in the sense of the combining of resources and operational procedures to produce a particular output.
[D05143]

JN
CH

 061
Work Acceptance
Work is considered accepted when it is conducted, documented and verified as per acceptance criteria provided in the technical specifications and contract documents. [D02135]

JN
CH

 PMK87
Work Authorization
Written permission, including necessary description, to commence work on a specific activity whether a whole project or component thereof. [D06361]

JN
CH

 RMW
Process of sanctioning all project work. [D02136]

JN

 PMK87
Work Authorization/Release
In cases where work is to be performed in segments due to technical or funding limitations, work authorization/release authorizes specified work to be performed during a specified period. [D02137]

GJN
CHMT

 PMK87
Work Breakdown
A technique for representing all the components, software, services and data contained in the project scope statement. It establishes a hierarchical structure or product oriented "family tree" of elements. It is used to organize, define and graphically display all the work items or work packages to be done to accomplish the project's objectives. [D03097]

FGJN
CHMT

 CCCP
A structure for breaking a large project into smaller work components. [D02138]

N
CH

 CPMUSC p176-8
A task-oriented "family tree" of activities which organizes, defines and graphically displays the total work to be accomplished in order to achieve the final objectives of the project. [D02139]

JN
CH

 FWH
Work Breakdown Code
A coding system that identifies the components of a 'family tree' of elements in a work breakdown structure. [D02140]

JN
CH

 WST
Work Breakdown Structure ("WBS")
A tool for defining the hierarchical breakdown of work required to deliver the products of a project. Major categories are broken down into smaller components. These are sub-divided until the lowest required level of detail is established. The lowest units of the WBS become the activities in a project. The WBS defines the total work to be undertaken on the project and provides a structure for all project control systems.
Editor's Note: A WBS is like a family tree where the project is divided by level into discrete groups for programming, cost planning and control purposes. See also Work Package. [D04563]

FGJN
CHMT

 APM
BS
A product-oriented family tree of elements that completely organizes, defines and graphically displays the components, software, services and data to be produced, as well as the work to be done, to achieve the specified project outcome. See Work Breakdown
Editor's Note: If it is product- oriented, then it should be called a Product Breakdown Structure. [D02141]

JN

 CCCP
A basic project diagram that documents and describes all the work that must be done to complete the project. The WBS forms the basis for costing, scheduling, and work responsibility. [D02143]

N

 OTOB p271-4
A product-oriented 'family tree' of project components which organizes and defines the total scope of the Project. Each descending level represents an increasingly detailed definition of a project component. Project components may be either products or services, and 'intermediate' or 'final'. [D02145]

N
HM

 PMGdLns
A task-oriented 'family tree' of activities which organizes, defines and graphically displays the total work to be accomplished in order to achieve the final objectives of a project. Each descending level represents an increasingly detailed definition of the project objective. It is a system for subdividing a project into manageable work packages, components or elements to provide a common framework for scope/cost/schedule communications, allocation of responsibility, monitoring and management. [D02146]

JN

 PMK87
A tool for defining the hierarchical breakdown and work in a project. It is developed by identifying the highest level of work in the project. These major categories are broken down into smaller components. The subdivision continues until the lowest required level of detail is established. These end units of the WBS become the project activities. Once implemented, the WBS facilitates summary reporting at a variety of levels. [D02147]

N

 WST
PMST
A task oriented detailed breakdown, which defines the work packages and tasks at a level above that defined in the networks and schedules. The WBS initiates the development of the Organizational Breakdown Structure (OBS), and the Cost Breakdown Structure (CBS). It also provides the foundation for determining Earned Value and activity networks. [D03777]

N

 CRMP
Activities required to complete a project, arranged in a hierarchical structure. [D02142]

JN

 NPMT
A family tree, usually product oriented, that organizes, defines, and graphically displays the hardware, software, services, and other work tasks necessary to accomplish the project objectives. [D02144]

N
T

 SPM p304-9
Definitions for page W00: 53

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