Wideman Comparative Glossary of Common Project Management Terms v3.1 is copyright by R. Max Wideman, March 2002.

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Definition     Editor's Choice
See General and Administrative

See General and Administrative Costs

See Generally Accepted Accounting Principles

Gain Sharing Arrangements
Contractual arrangements under which two or more parties share the benefits of an asset, i.e. the project deliverable. [D02805]

Game Plan
An overall approach to achieve a major objective. [D02329]

 PPS&C p59
See Gantt Chart [D02177]

Gantt Bar
A graphic element on a Gantt Chart representing the duration of a task. [D00752]

Gantt Chart
A chart using time lines and other symbols that illustrates multiple, time-based activities or projects on a horizontal time scale. [D00753]

 OTOB 271-4
A Gantt chart is a time-phased graphic display of activity durations. It is also referred to as a bar chart. Activities are listed with other tabular information on the left side with time intervals over the bars. Activity durations are shown in the form of horizontal bars. [D00751]

A graphic display of schedule related information. In the typical Gantt Chart, activities are listed down the left side of the chart, dates are shown across the top, and planned activity durations are shown as date-placed horizontal bars. Also called a "bar chart." [D00754]

A view that includes a list of tasks and a graphical representation of those tasks using Gantt bars. [D00755]

A graphic display of activity durations. Activities are listed with other tabular information on the left side with time intervals over the bars. Activity durations are shown in the form of horizontal bars.
Editor's Note: Also referred to as a Bar Chart. [D03598]

Gantt Charts
See Bar Charts [D00756]

Gantt, Henry
The inventor of the Gantt Chart. [D00757]

See Control Gate. [D02806]

General Accounting System
The financial management system used to categorize and apportion fiscal matters. [D04104]

General and Administrative ("G&A")
A form of indirect expenses incurred for the administration of a company, including senior executive expenses. Such expenses are spread over the total direct and burden costs for the company. [D04637]

General and Administrative Costs ("G&A")
Expenses for the general management and administration of the business unit. For example, includes insurance, legal fees, bid and proposal, independent research and development, and interest expenses. [D04105]

General Conditions
General definition of the legal relationships and responsibilities of the parties to the contract, and how the contract is to be administered. They are usually standard for a corporation and or project. [D00758]

General Management Skills
Skills that are appropriate to general management as distinct from those skills that are appropriate to project management. Generally, such skills are more in depth and narrower while project management required skills cover more ground but are in less depth. [D02807]

General Manager
A executive level position responsible for integrating all projects with the corporate strategic plans. He or she has overall responsibility for a multifunctional division or an entire company. [D04602]

General Project Alignment
Activities that are required to bridge the gap from an organization's strategic objectives to specific project objectives and which include project sponsorship, prioritization, risk management, organizational balance, and project office support. See also Strategic Projects, Product and Market-related Projects, Capital Expansion Projects, and Operational Projects. [D04347]

General Provisions
The mandatory clauses (by law or regulation) for contracts of a type, sometimes called boilerplate. Unique clauses are called Special Provisions. [D04106]

General Requirements
Non-technical specifications defining the scope of work, payments, procedures. implementation constraints, etc. pertaining to the contract, [D00759]

General Sequencing
An overview of the order of performing activities. [D00760]

The reverse of specification. A taxonomic relationship between a more general element and a more specific element. The more specific element is fully consistent with the more general element and contains additional information. An instance of the more specific element may be used where the more general element is allowed. [D04837]

Generalized Activity Network
A form of network which includes probabilistic dependencies between activities. [D03849]

Generally Accepted Accounting Principles ("GAAP")
Principles established by a Financial Accounting Standards Board that provide a foundation for "acceptable" accounting practices. The GAAP represent a set of guidelines and, as a practical matter, necessitate subjectivity in their application. [D03304]

Final release at the end of a cycle. [D04730]

Geographical Separation
Conditions under which the several parts of a project team are separated geographically. [D02808]

See Graphical Evaluation and Review Technique

See Government Furnished Equipment

The opportunity to decide whether or not to proceed. Usually associated with a major program or project milestone and typically the responsibility of senior management. [D02320]

Often a type of measurement that quickly tells a reviewer if an object's dimension is within certain limits. In the case of project management, this can be any monitoring or observation that allows a manager to decide whether to change, terminate, or continue an activity or a project. [D00761]

 OTOB 271-4
Go/No-go Decision
A major decision point in the project life cycle, typically marking the transition from planning to accomplishment. [D00762]

Something one wishes to accomplish. Broader, more timeless than an objective. Expressed as a desired and targeted happening. [D00764]

 TML 218
A specific result or purpose that is determined for a project. [D00763]

A one sentence definition of specifically what will be accomplished, while incorporating an event signifying completion. [D00765]

Goal Setting Theory
The view that when a manager sets clear, specific goals, performance will increase, and setting a challenging goal is more effective than saying to project team members "Do your best." See also Control Theory, Expectancy Theory, Equity Theory, and Reinforcement Theory. [D02639]

 PMH p316
The aggregate result achieved by the effective implementation of the common features of a key process area. The goals signify the scope and intent of each key process area. [D05183]

Articles, commodities, wares, etc of value. [D02809]

An unidentifiable intangible asset, that originates under the purchase method of accounting for a business combination when the price paid by the acquiring company exceeds the sum of the identifiable individual assets acquired less liabilities assumed, based upon their fair values. [D03508]

The planning, influencing and conducting of the policy and affairs of an organization. [D02629]

The exercise of authority, management and control. [D02810]

The political authority responsible for governance. The direction and restraint exercised over the actions of people in communities, societies or national boundaries. [D02811]

Government Contract Quality Assurance
The various functions, including inspection, performed by the government to determine whether a contractor has fulfilled the contract obligations pertaining to quality and quantity. [D00766]

 FAR 46.101
Government Furnished Equipment ("GFE")
The same as customer furnished equipment in projects where the customer is a governmental entity. [D00767]

 SPM 304-9
Government Regulations and Requirements
Those laws, regulations, rules, policies, and administrative requirements imposed upon organizations by government agencies. [D00768]

An indicator of category or rank related to features or characteristics that cover different sets of needs for products or services intended for the same functional use. [D00770]

 ISO 8402
A category or rank used to distinguish items that have the same functional use (such as a "hammer") but do not share the same requirements for quality (i.e. different hammers may need to withstand different amounts of force). [D00769]

Jargon for the informal or casual exchange of valuable information. A term used to denote a network of informal, unofficial and ad-hoc communications. It draws on the similarity with the way in which the grape vine grows in nature. [D02812]

In Quality Management, a visual comparison of variables that yield data in numerical facts. Examples include trend graphs, histograms, control charts, frequency distributions arid, scatter diagrams. [D00771]

In Time Management, the display or drawing that shows the relationship between activities. Pictorial representation of relative variables. [D00772]

Graphical Evaluation and Review Technique ("GERT")
A network analysis technique that allows for conditional and probabilistic treatment of logical relationships (i.e., some activities may not be performed). [D00773]

Graphical User Interface ("GUI")
A type of interface that enables users to communicate with a program by manipulating graphical features rather than be entering commands. [D04838]

An assemblage of personnel organized to serve a specific purpose or accomplish a task. A group may vary from a single individual assigned part time, to several part-time individuals assigned from other organizations, to several individuals dedicated full-time. [D05184]

Group Communication
The means by which the project manager conducts meetings, presentations, negotiations. and other activities necessary to convey the project's needs and concerns to the. project team and other groups. [D00774]

Group work
Work carried out in cooperation. [D00775]

An undesirable condition in which all members of a group (e.g. a project team) begin to think alike or pretend to think alike. No members are then willing to raise objections or concerns about a project even though they are legitimate and based on hard data. [D02338]

 PMH p320
A gradual increase in some way such as in size, quantity, value, etc.
Editor's Note: Although modern economics finds growth essential, it should be noted that not all growth is good - see Scope Creep for example. [D02813]

See contract guarantee. [D00776]

Guaranteed Maximum
See Guaranteed Maximum Price. [D02814]

Guaranteed Maximum Price
A form of contract in which compensation may vary according to the amount of work involved but in any case not more than an agreed total amount. [D02815]

See Graphical User Interface

The giving of direction, or otherwise influencing a person's or group's conduct and actions. [D02816]

A recommended or customary method of working to accomplish an objective. A guideline is not enforced but is generally followed. [D00778]

A document that recommends methods to be used to accomplish an objective. [D00777]

A statement providing guidance for interpretation and application of a policy. [D04988]

Definitions for page G00: 68

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