Wideman Comparative Glossary of Common Project Management Terms v3.1 is copyright by R. Max Wideman, March 2002.

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Definition     Editor's Choice
See Memorandum of Agreement

Organizing people, resources, etc. for starting up a project or an activity. [D01039]

See Managing Organizations by Projects

A physical demonstration model, built to scale, to verify proposed design fit, critical clearances, and operator interfaces. [D04146]

A way of looking at reality, usually for the purpose of abstracting and simplifying it to make it understandable in a particular context. [D01041]

 OTOB 271-4
A schematic description of a system, theory, or phenomenon that accounts for its known or inferred properties and may be used for further study of its characteristics. [D01040]

 VPM 19
A reduced representation of the real thing. Used to investigate some sort of risk. User requirements, technical feasibility, physical fit, field operation, interface complexity, etc. [D04147]

The creation of a physical representation or mathematical description of an object, system or problem that reflect the functions or characteristics of the item involved. Model building may be viewed as both a science and an art. [D03023]

Modeling Conventions
How concepts will be represented, restrictions on the modeling language that the project team management has decided upon; that is, dictums such as "Do not use inheritance between subsystems."; "Do not use extend or include associations in the Use Case Model."; "Do not use the friend construct in C++.". Presented in the Software Architecture Document. [D04739]

Modeling Time
Refers to something that occurs during a modeling phase of the software development process. It includes analysis time and design time. Usage note: When discussing object systems, it is often important to distinguish between modeling-time and run-time concerns. See analysis time, design time. Contrast: run time. [D04740]

Modern Project Management ("MPM")
A term used to distinguish the current broad range of project management (scope, cost, time, quality, risk, etc.) from narrower, traditional use that focused only on cost and time. [D01042]

See Enterprise Project Management. [D04342]

The making of a limited change in something or the result of such a change. [D03024]

Changes to an existing product, item, document, or design. [D04148]

Modification Procedure
The procedure by which a modification is to be achieved. [D03025]

A self-contained unit of code that accomplishes a particular process network diagram. A scheduling tool in which activities or events are displayed as arrows and nodes in which the logical precedence conditions between the activities or events are shown. [D01043]

 SPM 304-9
A software unit of storage and manipulation. Modules include source code modules, binary code modules, and executable code modules. See component. [D04857]

The capture, analysis and reporting of actual performance compared to planned performance. [D01045]

Checking or measuring the performance. [D01044]

The capture, analysis, and reporting of project progress, usually as compared to plan. [D01046]

The analysis and reporting of project performance as compared to the plan. [D01049]

The capture, organization and reporting of measures of performance against standards for project scope, quality, time and cost; a system process in project management. [D01047]

Monitoring Actuals versus Budget
One of the main responsibilities of cost management is to continually measure and monitor the actual cost versus the budget in order to identify problems, establish the variance, analyze the reasons for variance and take the necessary corrective action. Changes in the forecast final cost are constantly monitored, managed and controlled. [D01048]

Monte Carlo Analysis
A schedule risk assessment technique that performs a project simulation many times in order to calculate a distribution of likely results. [D01050]

A process of selecting activity durations from a specified range and performing critical path analysis many times based on different the durations. The result is probability distributions for the start and finish times and calculation of a criticality index for each activity in the network. [D03872]

Monte Carlo Method
A statistical method using random numbers. When applied to static PERT scheduling (i.e. several hundred times by computer) it helps to predict how the real system might behave. The random numbers are applied to each activity in the network, and reveals the probability of an activity being on a particular critical path. In a schedule with many activities, it provides good insight into which activities should receive closer management attention. [D03027]

A method concerned with random variables from a uniform probability distribution that transforms these variables to ones that correspond to some other probability distribution. [D03026]

Monte Carlo Simulation
A method for calculating the probabilities of outcomes by simulation, running a model many times, using a computer. A Monte Carlo model is an example of a "stochastic" model. [D05026]

The technique used by project management applications to estimate the likely range of outcomes from a complex random process by simulating the process a large number of times. [D01051]

See Monte Carlo Method. [D03623]

Monthly Status Review
The process of reviewing a project's technical, cost, schedule, material, and corrective action status against the implementation plan in a monthly review for the purpose of identifying situations needing corrective action. [D04149]

The mental and emotional condition (as of enthusiasm, confidence, or loyalty) of an individual or group with regard to the function or tasks at hand. A sense of common purpose with respect to a group (esprit de corps). The level of individual psychological well-being based on such factors as a sense of purpose and confidence in the future. [D03028]

Most Likely Time
The most realistic time estimate for completing an activity under normal conditions. [D03723]

 PPS&C p340
Most Likely Value
The normal or most likely value (of cost or time) associated with an activity. If the activity is repeated numerous times under the same conditions, and without "learning curve" effects, the values would be this value most frequently.
Note: This value is not the expected value which is a calculated value. [D03103]

The process of inducing an individual to work toward achieving the organization's objectives while also working to achieve personal objectives. [D01052]

The ability to stimulate, rouse, excite, galvanize, or innervate. Typically with a view to getting work done on time and within budget. [D03029]

The direction and intensity of effort that an individual exerts on a particular task. [D02636]

 PMH p312
The act of influencing others to accomplish a task with rewards or incentives. [D03100]

The forces that induce individuals to perform; the factors that influence human behavior. [D03101]

The drives, desires, needs, wishes, and similar forces that channel human behavior towards goals. [D03102]

See Memorandum of Understanding

Moving Average Cost
An inventory costing method under which an average unit cost is computed after each acquisition by adding the cost of the newly acquired units to the cost of the units of inventory on hand and dividing this figure by the new total number of units.
Editor's Note: A similar approach can be used to track changes in samples where a large series of samples are to be taken. Concrete cylinder tests on large construction sites are a good example. [D03530]

See Modern Project Management

See Management Reserve

See Material Requirements Planning

See Mid-Stage Assessment

See Mean Time Between Failures

Activity or project involving several professions. [D01053]

Multi-Financial Sources
Programs and projects for which funding is provided from more than one source. [D03031]

Multi-functional Project Teams
See either Concurrent Engineering or Integrated Product Development Teams. [D04642]

Multi-Level Reporting
A reporting system capable of producing reports at different levels of information rollup. [D03030]

A project consisting of multiple subprojects. [D01054]

Consisting of or containing more than one project simultaneously. [D01055]

See Program. [D03032]

Multiple, logically independent, projects that may or may not share resources as part of an enterprise's project portfolio. [D04360]

Multi-Project Analysis
The analysis of the impact and interaction of activities and resources whose progress affects the progress of a group of projects or for projects with shared resources or both. Multi-project analysis can also be used for composite reporting on projects having no dependencies or resources in common. [D01056]

Multi-Project Management
Managing multiple projects that are interconnected either logically or by shared resources. [D01057]

Multi-project Scheduling
Use of the techniques of resource allocation to schedule more than one project concurrently. [D04461]

Multipurpose Internet Mail Extension ("MIME")
The Internet standard for mail that supports text, images, audio, and video. [D04858]

An application allowing multiple users simultaneous access to a project and its data. [D01058]

Multi-Year Contract
A contract agreement for more than one year. [D04150]

Multi-Year Procurement
Procurement for a project that requires supplies and/or services for more than one fiscal year. [D04151]

Must Finish
See Imposed Finish. [D03873]

Must Start
See Imposed Start. [D01059]

Definitions for page M04: 64

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