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Wideman Comparative Glossary of Common Project Management Terms v3.1 is copyright by R. Max Wideman, March 2002.

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File: PMG_A04.htm generated 12/19/2002 9:25:28 AM
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Apportioned Task - to - As-of Date

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Term
Definition     Editor's Choice
 
Source
Apportioned Task
A task that is dependent on or related to the performance of another task. [D03982]

 CSM
Appraisal
An impartial evaluation of information concerning a system, service or product to determine its measure of effectiveness and efficiency for purposes of making recommendations for acceptance, correction, or preventive action. [D02274]

 RMW
Appraise
To evaluate the worth, significance, or status of. Baseline - A specification or product that has been formally reviewed and agreed upon, that thereafter serves as the basis for further development, and that can be changed only through formal change control procedures. [D05164]

 SA-CMM
Approach
A way of doing things. For example, project planning may require different approaches, or different approaches may be considered as a way of reducing Project Risks [D02376]

 RMW
Appropriation
An allocation of funds to a project by the owner or sponsor in response to a Capital Appropriation Request (CAR) or a Request For Appropriation (RFA). In a structured organization, a commitment cannot be made until an appropriation has been obtained. However, a lower threshold value may be set below which a formal appropriation is not required. Prefeasibility and similar studies are such examples. [D00085]

 CCCP
Appropriation Estimate
An estimate prepared to establish a budget to be included in an application for project funding (i.e. for an "appropriation" of funds from corporate sources). Prepared from the best available, but not necessarily complete, information. Also known as a Budget Estimate. [D05156]

 RMW
Approval
A process for sanctioning a proposed course of action usually following some form of review. It should involve the transfer of the necessary supporting Authority and Responsibility with the expectation of Reliability and Accountability. [D02377]

 RMW
Approval to Proceed
The term used when an individual accepts a deliverable as fit for purpose so that the project can continue. Approval given to the project at initiation or prior to the beginning of the next stage. [D04381]

 APM
Approval by the project board at initiation or prior to the beginning of the next stage. [D00086]

 WST
This approval is given by the Project Board at Project Initiation and at each End Stage Assessment prior to commencement of the next Stage. It represents a commitment to a further expenditure up to the end of the next stage of the Project. [D03589]

 PNG
Approve
To accept as satisfactory. Approval implies that the thing approved has the endorsement of the approving agency-, however, the approval may still require confirmation by somebody else. In management use, the important distinction is between approve and authorize. Persons who approve something are willing to accept it as satisfactory for their purposes, but this decision is not final. Approval may be by several persons. The person who authorizes has final organization authority. This authorization is final approval. [D00087]

 PMK87
Approved Bidders List
A list of contractors that have been prequalified for purposes of submitting competitive bids [D00088]

 PMK87
Approved Changes
Changes that have been approved by higher authority. [D00089]

 PMK87
Approved Project Requirements
A statement of realistic requirements, approved and signed off by the Stakeholder(s). [D00090]

 PMGdLns
APR
See Acquisition Plan Review

  
AQL
See Acceptable Quality Level

  
Arbitrary
Something done without apparent logic. [D02378]

 RMW
Arbitration
A formalized system for dealing with grievances and administering corrective justice as part of collective bargaining agreements. [D00091]

 PMK87
Arc
The line connecting two nodes or representing precedence in a PERT or CPM network. [D00092]

 OTOB 271-4
Architectural Baseline
The baseline at the end of the Elaboration phase, at which time the foundation structure and behavior of the system is stabilized. [D04801]

 RUP
Architectural View
A view of a software system architecture from a given perspective focusing primarily on structure, modularity, essential components, and the main control flows. [D04802]

  
Architecture
The design and interconnection of the main components of a hardware/software system. [D02275]

 DSMC
The framework and interrelationships of elements of a system. [D03983]

 CSM
The organization or structure of significant components interacting through interfaces, those components being composed of successively smaller components and interfaces. [D04803]

 RUP
Architecture, executable
See Executable Architecture. [D04804]

 RUP
Archive
A repository for infrequently used or historic records.
Editor's Note: A suitably assembled and accessible archive is an important part of an organization's estimating and forecasting capability, and a project manager's store of experience. See also Corporate Memory. [D02379]

 RMW
Archive Plan
A function of some computer programs that allows versions of a plan to be archived. [D00093]

 WST
Area of Project Application
See Area of Project Management Application [D00094]

  
Area of Project Management Application ("APMA")
The environment in which a project takes place, with its own particular nomenclature and accepted practices e.g. facilities, products or systems development projects (to name a few.) [D00095]

 PMK87
Arrow
The graphic presentation of an activity. The tail (see I-Node) of the arrow represents the start of the activity. The head (see J-Node) of the arrow represents the finish. Unless a time scale is used, the length of the arrow stem has no relation to the duration of the activity. Length and direction of the activity are usually a matter of convenience and clarity. [D00097]

 PMK87
The graphic presentation of an activity. See also arrow diagramming method. [D00096]

 PMK96
An activity in an arrow diagram network. Activity duration usually shown next to the arrow (above or below). Used in both CPM and PERT scheduling systems. [D00101]

 CCCP
Directed connecting line between two nodes in a network.
Note 1: It symbolizes an activity in "activity-on-arrow"
Note 2: It symbolizes a dependency relationship in "activity-on-node" [D04569]

 APM
BS
Arrow Diagram
See Activity Arrow Net [D00032]

  
Arrow Diagram Method ("ADM")
One of two conventions used to represent an activity in a project. Also known as Activity on Arrow method. [D00098]

 WST
Arrow Diagramming
A technique that may be used in both CPM and PERT to display the network sequence and timing of activities. The technique is event oriented in that the connecting arrows represent the activities. It is simple to understand and display straight forward networks. Its flexibility is limited in comparison with precedence diagramming. [D03047]

 CCCP
A technique used in CPM or PERT. [D00099]

 CCCP
Arrow Diagramming Method
A network diagramming technique in which activities are represented by arrows. The tail of the arrow represents the start and the head represents the finish of the activity (the length of the arrow does not represent the expected duration of the activity). Activities are connected at points called nodes (usually drawn as small circles) to illustrate the sequence in which the activities are expected to be performed. See also precedence diagramming method. [D00100]

 PMK96
Artifact
A piece of information that:
  1. Is produced, modified, or used by a process
  2. Defines an area of responsibility, and
  3. Is subject to version control.
An artifact can be a model, a model element, or a document. A document can enclose other documents. [D04686]

 RUP
Artificial
Not genuine or real, as in conditions created for running tests, or in postulating possible risk scenarios. [D02381]

 RMW
AS
See Actual Start Date

  
ASAP
See As-Soon-As-Possible

  
As-built Design
The documentation that describes the ultimate "As-built" configuration to provide for future replication. It includes design changes implemented for manufacturing improvements and integration and verification corrective actions. The "As-built" baseline becomes the "Build-to" baseline for new builds. In construction, "As-built" drawings are referred to as the "record" drawings. [D03984]

 CSM
As-built Documentation
Drawings and diagrams that provide an accurate representation of how the product or facility is actually built. [D03619]

 19
As-Built Records
See As-Built Documentation. [D02382]

  
As-Built Schedule
A reconstruction of the Project Schedule to reflect the sequence and durations in which the project work was actually accomplished. A process frequently used in developing or analyzing contractor claims for extra money by high-lighting delays to progress. [D02383]

 RMW
The final project schedule which depicts actual Completion (Finish) dates, actual duration dates and start dates. [D00102]

 PMK87
As-Late-As-Possible ("ALAP")
An activity for which the application sets the early dates as late as possible without delaying the early dates of any successor. [D00103]

 WST
As-Needed
Delivery or consumption of resources or information just as and when required. [D02384]

 RMW
As-of Date
See Data Date. [D00104]

  
Definitions for page A04: 50


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