Wideman Comparative Glossary of Common Project Management Terms v3.1 is copyright by R. Max Wideman, March 2002.

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Semantics - to - Slack

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Definition     Editor's Choice
The language used to achieve a desired effect on an audience. [D01836]

Semi-Time-Scaled Logic Drawing
A drawing in which the positioning of the activities is modified somewhat by some date. Unlike true time-scaled drawings in which all horizontal positions correspond to a point in time, semi-time scaled logic drawings simply group activities whose dates fall within a specific time period. [D01837]

Senior Technical
The role on the project board that represents the interests of the development and operational organizations. [D03947]

Senior User
The role on the project board representing the interests of users and other functions affected by the project. [D03948]

A member of the project board who represents the interests of users and others affected by the project. [D01838]

The capacity of a system to respond to stimulation. Awareness of the needs and emotions of others to avoid hurt. [D03267]

Sensitivity Analysis
A method of testing the degree of sensitivity of a system, whether physical or notional, to incremental changes to its variables. This analysis enables the determination of those variables that are the most significant, and possibly the selection of the best or optimal settings or solution to a problem. [D03268]

A technique used to discover how sensitive the results from economic and financial models are to changes in the input values of the variables used to calculate the results. A high degree of sensitivity is a warning to interpret the results of the model with care and circumspection, especially because many of the input variables will themselves have been estimated and therefore be subject to error. Use of econometric models must not obscure awareness of their limitations and possible pitfalls, especially when they are being used for forecasting. [D05120]

The order in which activities will occur with respect to one another. This establishes the priority and dependencies between activities. Successor and predecessor relationships are developed in a network format. This allows those involved in the project to visualize the work flow. [D01839]

Service and Support Personnel
Those individuals working in functions such as personnel, accounting, maintenance, and legislative relations that are needed to keep the "primary functions" operating effectively. [D01840]

Service Contract
A Contract for a Contractor's time and effort rather than for a specific end product. [D03689]

Service Liability
See Product Liability [D01292]

Useful labor that does not produce a tangible commodity, typically professional or technical in the project environment. [D02872]

The assembly and arrangement of the tools and apparatus required for the performance of an operation. The preparation necessary for the commencement of a task. To put someone in a compromising position. A software executable program for the installation of a software application on some computer platforms. [D03269]

See Scheduled Finish

See Scheduled Finish Date

See Level Finish/Schedule

See Secondary Float

The use of the word "shall" in contract language means that "you must". [D03569]

Those who own or hold shares in a property. [D03270]

Freight transported or to be transported. [D03570]

Shop Drawings
Drawings submitted by the construction contractor or a subcontractor showing in detail:
  1. The proposed fabrication and assembly of structural elements
  2. The installation (i.e., form, fit, and attachment details) of materials or equipment, or
  3. Both.

Shop Inspection
An inspection of fabricated or assembled parts at the manufacturer's plant prior to shipment to the project site. [D03271]

Short Term
Anything occurring over a short period of time, typically in the immediate future [D03015]

Short Term Plan
A schedule typically covering the work to be done over the next reporting period and showing it in considerable detail. Ideally, it should show the actual work being done at the end of the previous period to demonstrate continuity, and extend well into the next reporting period to indicate anticipated work in that following period. [D02262]

A short duration schedule, usually 4 to 8 weeks, used to show in detail the activities and responsibilities for a particular period. A management technique often used "as needed" or in a critical area of the project. [D01841]

Short Term Schedule
See Short Term Plan. [D01842]

Should-Cost Estimate
An estimate of the cost of a product or service used to provide an assessment of the reasonableness of a prospective contractor's proposed cost. [D01843]

Should-cost Estimate
An estimate of contract price which reflects reasonably achievable economy and efficiency. Its purpose is to develop a realistic price objective for negotiation purposes. [D04657]

Show Stopper
An event or condition serious enough to halt or severely impede a project unless confronted and eliminated. [D03690]

The formal acceptance of a planned or proposed course of action, constituting authority for the planner or proposer to proceed with the action. Key sign-offs in the project life-cycle, by Owner and User, occur at the conclusion of the concept and planning phases. [D01844]

See also Computer Modeling. [D03090]

The representation of the functioning of one system or process by imitating it through the functioning of another. For example, simulation by either physical or mathematical modeling. [D03272]

Simultaneous Engineering/Design
See Concurrent Engineering. [D03273]

The location and ground occupied, or to be occupied, by the project. [D03274]

Site Instruction
See Field Clarification. [D00849]

Site Layout
The physical configuration of the facilities to be built on a site. The act of "laying out" the site for construction purposes. [D03275]

Site Preparation
The physical preparation of a site ready for commencement of construction, such as simply establishing access, or its preparation prior to the main construction with a major effort such as reducing the topography to a common level. [D03276]

Site Works
Works on a site that are generally auxiliary to the main facility, such as the installation of utilities and roads. [D03277]

Situation Analysis
A description of all relevant aspects of the current situation. [D01845]

Situation Planning
The design of process, organization, etc. based on an analysis of the current project situation. [D01846]

The way in which something is placed in relation to its surroundings. The conditions associated with position or place of employment. The relative position or combination of circumstances at a certain moment. [D03278]

Sizing Estimate
See Estimate Class C [D02239]

An ability and competence learned by practice. [D01847]

Skill Groups
Some computer packages allow the definition of resources by their skills. The scheduling algorithm then chooses the most appropriate resource for an activity based on its availability and skill. [D01848]

A feature of hierarchical resources that allows you to assign an attribute to a resource, and to define the resource requirement for an activity in terms of that attribute. [D01849]

Skunk Works
An American slang term coined to refer to a group who are seen to be not part of the formal organizational hierarchy and hence are relatively free of executive interference. They are left to do "their own thing", apparently very successfully. [D03279]

See also Quick Reaction Capability. [D04209]

A collocated project environment to shorten communication paths and to keep functional contributors close to one another and to the project activity centers.
Editor's Note: The "global economy" has made the "virtual team", a team connected only by the information highway, a real necessity and the antithesis of a skunk works. [D04234]

Term used in PERT for float. [D01851]

See also Float. [D01850]

Originally the flexibility in the dates of an event in an activity on arrow network i.e. (late event time - early event time). Latterly used synonymously with float, mainly in software originating in America. [D03949]

Definitions for page S03: 52

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