Wideman Comparative Glossary of Common Project Management Terms v3.1 is copyright by R. Max Wideman, March 2002.

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Program Definition Statement - to - Progress Date

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Definition     Editor's Choice
Program Definition Statement ("PDS")
The agreed statement of objectives and plans between the target business operation, the program director, and the senior management group to whom the program director reports. [D03899]

The agreed statement of objectives and plans between the target business operation, the program director, and the senior management group (management board, steering committee) to whom the program director is reporting. The PDS forms the basis for funding the program and is the key monitoring and control document. It is a dynamic document, maintained throughout the life of the program. [D05053]

Program Director
The senior manager with the responsibility for the overall success of the program. The program director is usually drawn from the management of the target business area. [D01308]

Program Directorate
A committee which directs the program, in circumstances where this is not performed by an individual. It should be led by an accountable individual program director as chairman. [D05055]

A committee that directs the program when circumstances arise where there is no individual to direct the program. [D01309]

Program Evaluation and Review Technique ("PERT")
A project management technique for determining how much time a project needs before it is completed. Each activity is assigned a best, worst, and most probable completion time estimate. These estimates are used to determine the average completion time. The average times are used to figure the critical path and the standard deviation of completion times for the entire project. [D01310]

A technique for planning a project. [D01178]

An event and probability based network analysis system generally used in the research and development field where, at the planning stage, activities and their durations between events are difficult to define. Typically used on large programs where the projects involve numerous organizations at widely different locations. [D01179]

An event-oriented network analysis technique used to estimate project duration when there is a high degree of uncertainty with the individual activity duration estimates. PERT applies the critical path method to a weighted average duration estimate. Also given as Program Evaluation Review Technique. [D01311]

The form of network diagram in which events are displayed as nodes and where the connecting arrows indicate the precedence constraints. [D01312]

 SPM 304-9
An event oriented system. Generally used in research and development field where activities and durations between events are difficult to define at the planning stage, yet completion of these activities by specific dates is essential to the success of the project. Typically, these projects involve massive programs, many large organizations, and extensive operation in many different locations. See also Arrow Diagramming and Precedence Diagramming. [D03080]

Program Execution Phase
The third phase of program management, in which the project portfolio management and transition activities are undertaken. [D03902]

Program Executive
The group of individuals, supporting the program director, that has day-to-day management responsibility for the whole program. The program executive consists of those responsible for the following roles - the business change manager, the program manager, the program design authority. If a program support office has been established, its head may also attend regular meetings of the program executive. [D05056]

Program Identification Phase
The first phase of program management, in which all high-level phase change proposals from available strategies and initiatives are considered collectively and their objectives and directions translated into one or more achievable programs of work. For each program identified a program brief is written and a program director appointed. [D05057]

Program Management
The effective management of a program that may cover any or all of the following: [D03742]

A management style very different from administrative or corporate management. The objective of program management is to complete a set of projects usually related in some way by a common goal. The life of a program management organization may be quite extended. However, it is characterized by the completion of the projects or tasks under its responsibility, each of which has a clear and finite termination. Program management is terminated when all its projects are completed. See also project management. [D01316]

The management of a related series of projects executed over a broad period of time, and which are designed to accomplish broad goals, to which the individual projects contribute. [D01318]

The management of a series of related projects designed to accomplish broad goals, to which the individual projects contribute, and typically executed over an extended period of time. [D01319]

The effective management of several individual but related projects in order to produce an overall system that works effectively. [D01317]

The selection and coordinated planning of a portfolio of projects so as to achieve a set of defined business objectives, and the efficient execution of these projects within a controlled environment such that they realize maximum benefit for the resulting business operations. [D03905]

A program is a specific undertaking to achieve a number of objectives. Examples include product and economic development programs where the programs follow a concept/design life cycle before moving into the implementation of multiple projects or production units. In the case of multiple projects there is not the same common objective. Instead, each project follows its own project lifecycle but the set of lifecycles should be coordinated and managed so the overall system works effectively. [D03906]

The coordinated management of a portfolio of projects, that benefit from a consolidated approach, to achieve a set of corporate objectives. [D04334]

The effective implementation of change through multiple projects to realize distinct and measurable benefits for an organization. A specific approach that sits above project management. Programs require a far higher degree of cross-business function coordination and direct alignment to business goals. [D04601]

Any of the following:
  1. The coordinated management of a portfolio of projects to achieve a set of business objectives
  2. In a multi-project organization, the directing of a portfolio of projects which benefit from a consolidated approach
  3. As a mega project, the management of a portfolio of projects towards one specific objective
  4. As a group of many projects for one client, the management of a series of projects within an organization and for the same client
  5. In a program management organization:

Program Management Office
The office responsible for the business and technical management of a specific contract or program. [D01320]

Program Manager
The individual responsible for day-to-day management of the program on behalf of the Program Director. [D03907]

The person responsible for a Program, including plans, funding, schedules, prioritizing resources and timely completion of projects on a priority basis and within established constraints. [D03550]

The person generally responsible for the overall development of a product in its broadest sense. This may include in-service operation as well as related projects and tasks needed to ensure satisfactory development and delivery of the program. [D03743]

The individual responsible for managing a coordinated group of planned undertakings (projects) having a common goal or objective. [D04192]

A multi-project level position responsible for integrating the efforts of all project contributors on his or her assigned projects. Note: The position may also be titled Multi-project Manager [D04605]

The individual responsible for the day-to-day management of the program on behalf of the program director. The program manager is a member of the program executive. [D05060]

The person with authority to manage a program. (Note that this is a role. The program manager may also be responsible for one or more of the projects within the program. They would be project manager on those projects as well as overall program manager.) The program manager leads the overall planning and management of the program. All Project Managers within the program report to the Program Manager. [D05061]

Program Office
A group within an organization responsible for supply, support, and internal consulting to ensure that projects are carried out consistently and successfully in accordance with company strategies. See also Project Support Office. [D04596]

Program Plan
A collective term for the benefits management plan, risk management plan, transition plan, project portfolio plan and design management plan, which are components of the program definition statement. [D05062]

Program Planning
The planning and monitoring of a number of simultaneous related projects. [D05063]

Program Status Date
The date up to which all program information is complete. [D01322]

Program Support Office ("PSO")
An organization giving administrative assistance to the program manager and the program executive, particularly with management information reporting. The PSO may, where appropriate, serve both the program and the individual projects. [D05064]

A group that gives administrative support to the program manager and the program executive. [D01323]

See Program
Editor's Note: "Programme" is the European spelling of the US word "Program". [D04333]

A computer software position with responsibility for writing (coding) a logical sequence of instructions to the computer to solve a computational, sequencing, or reporting problem using one or more computer languages. [D01325]

 SPM 304-9
Programmer Trainee
A job category assigned to beginning programmers, usually with less than a year of on-the-job experience; the length of apprentice time varies by company. [D01326]

 SPM 304-9
In Europe, this term means "Scheduling". Otherwise it means writing software code. [D03188]

Various meanings:
  1. In Europe, this term refers to North American "Schedules", i.e. bar charts.
  2. Separate groups of related projects. See Program.
  3. Software applications, software codings.

The partial completion of a project, or a measure of same. Also, the act of entering progress information for a project. [D01329]

Development to a more advanced state. Progress relates to a progression of development and therefore shows relationships between current conditions and past conditions. [D01327]

Forward course, development. [D01328]

Progress Analysis
In Cost Management, the development of performance indices such as:
  1. Cost Performance Index = CPI = BCWP/ACWP
  2. Schedule Performance Index = SPI = BCWP/BCWS

In Time Management, the evaluation of calculated progress against the approved schedule and the determination of its impact. [D01331]

Progress Bar
On the Gantt Chart, a bar that shows how much of the task has been completed. [D01332]

Progress Date
The date used in order to calculate the progress of the project. All estimates to complete or remaining durations should be assessed in accordance with the Progress Date.
Editor's Note: Also know as "As-of-Date", "Data Date" and "Time Now". [D03908]

Definitions for page P08: 50

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