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Wideman Comparative Wideman Comparative Glossary of Common Project Management Terms v5.5 is copyright © R. Max Wideman, 2000-2017.

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Last updated 12-22-17

Master Glossary
Post Audit   - to -   Predecessor Activity
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Term
Definition     Editor's Choice
Cat Source
Post Audit
A review of a project after completion to evaluate what went correctly and incorrectly, and whether the predicted benefits were achieved. [D05040]

GJN
CHMT

 SCL
Post Award Conference
The first meeting after contract award. A meeting chaired by the buyer to orient all personnel (buyer and contractor) to the project requirements. See also Contract Implementation Review and System Requirements Review. [D04176]

GJN
CHMT

 CSM
Post Contract Evaluations
Objective review and analysis of the performance of both parties' performance, realistic technical problems encountered and the corrective actions taken. [D01220]

JN
C

 PMK87
Post Implementation Review
A review 6-12 months after a system has become operational to ensure that the project has met its objectives and the system continues to meet user requirements. [D03887]

FGJN
CHMT

 PNG
See Post Project Review [D05410]

FGJN
CHMT

  
A report compiled upon completion of every project, that determines if the expectations established for the project outcome were met. It documents the comparison between actual results of a project and the objectives and deliverables specified in the project's Charter. Also known as Closeout Report.
Editor's Note: The "objectives and deliverables" may be specified even earlier, in the Business Case. [D05684]

N

 WSG
Post Project Analysis and Report
A formal analysis and documentation of the project's results including cost, schedule and technical performance versus the original plan. [D01222]

N

 PMK87
Post Project Appraisal
This activity completes the Project Management process and provides feedback in order to learn for the future. A job close out/historical report will be generated and a review carried out once the project has been completed and accepted by the customer/owner. [D03888]

FGJN
CHMT

 PNG
An evaluation that provides feedback for future use and education. [D01223]

N

 WST
Post Project Evaluation
An appraisal of the costs and technical performance of a completed project and the development of new applications in project management methods to overcome problems that occurred during the project life to benefit future projects. [D01224]

N

 PMK87
Post Project Evaluation Review
An important review of project performance and lessons that can be derived from the project conducted once operations have started. Although often considered only after completion of the project, in practice Project Evaluation can and should be a fully integral part of the project. Similar reviews should therefore also be carried out periodically during the course of the project, with the resultant information/lessons fed back into this and other projects. [D03737]

N

 CRMP
Post Project Review
A formal review of the project that examines the lessons that may be learned and used for the benefit of future projects. [D03889]

FGJN
CHMT

 PNG
An appraisal of all aspects of a project upon completion, with a view to examining and documenting variations and events, to augment the organization's historical database. [D01225]

N

 RMH
One or more reviews held after project closure to determine if the expected benefits have been obtained. Also known as Post Implementation Review. [D05411]

N

 PRNC2 2002
Postmortem
See Post Project Appraisal, Post Project Evaluation, and Post Project Review. [D03146]

FGJN
CHMT

  
Potential Portfolio Component
See Portfolio Component, Potential [D06104]

F
T

  
Power
The ability to get someone to do something you want done. [D06105]

GJN

 SU
Ability to act or produce an effect. Capacity for being acted upon or undergoing an effect. Legal or official authority, capacity. Possession of control, authority, or influence over others. [D03147]

N

 Webster
PPD
See Preliminary Project Definition

GJN
CHM

  
PPfM
See Project Portfolio Management

FGJ
HMT

  
See Portfolio Management

FGJN
HMT

  
PPL
See Project Products List

JN
CHM

  
PPMS
See Project Portfolio Management System

FGJ
HMT

  
Practice
The exercise of a professional activity. [D06351]

GJN

 Webster
The usual, traditional, or commonly recommended way of doing things. [D03148]

N

 RMW
A mode of behaving or doing something established by custom. [D05412]

N

 Webster
PRD
See Product Requirements Document

JN
MT

  
Pre Award Meetings
Meetings to aid ranking of prospective suppliers before final award determination and to examine their facilities or capabilities. [D01226]

GJ
CHMT

 PMK87
Pre Award Survey
An evaluation of a prospective contractorís capability to perform under the terms of a proposed contract. [D01227]

GJ

 FAR
QMPP
Pre Bid Conference
A meeting used, generally in complex acquisitions, as a means of briefing prospective bidders and explaining complicated specifications and requirements to them as early as possible after the invitation for bids (IFB) has been issued and before the bids are opened. [D03544]

GJ
CHMT

 GAT
Pre Commissioning
That work which is carried out prior to commissioning in order to demonstrate that commissioning may be safely undertaken. [D04473]

JN
CHMT

 APM
Pre Planned Product Improvement
Designed-in provision for future enhancement. This may require the initial version to have excess capability to accommodate later enhancement. [D04177]

GJ
CHMT

 CSM
Pre Proposal Conference
A meeting hosted by the buyer contracting organization to assist prospective bidders in understanding the Request for Proposal. [D04179]

GJ
CHMT

 CSM
Pre Tender Estimate
See Definitive Estimate. [D02175]

JN
CH

  
Precedence
When one task must be completed before another task can be started, the first task is said to have precedence over the other. [D01228]

N

 OTOB p73
Precedence Diagram
A notation of a network which places the activity on a single node. See also Activity Node Net. [D01229]

N

 CPMUSC p176-8
Precedence Diagram Method ("PDM")
A method of constructing a logic network using nodes to represent the activities and connecting them by lines that show dependencies. [D01230]

JN

 PMK87
One of the two methods of representing project as networks, in which the activities are represented by nodes and the relationships between them by arcs.
Editor's Note: The other method, Arrow Diagram Method, is now rarely used. [D01231]

N

 WST
Precedence Diagram Method Arrow
A graphical symbol in PDM networks used to represent the lag describing the relationship between work activities. [D01232]

N

 PMK87
Precedence Diagramming
An activity oriented system in which activities are displayed in uniform boxes complete with activity number, start duration and finish dates. The logical relation between activity boxes is shown by logic connector lines. Lead and lag times can also be shown. The display is more effective than Arrow Diagramming and is also easier to revise, update, and program on computer. See also CPM and PERT. [D03082]

JN

 CCCP
A technique used in CPM and PERT [D01233]

N

 CCCP
Precedence Diagramming Method
A network diagramming technique in which activities are represented by boxes (or nodes). Activities are linked by precedence relationships to show the sequence in which the activities are to be performed. [D01234]

N

 PMK96
Precedence Network
A multiple dependency network. An activity-on-node network in which a sequence arrow represents one of four forms of precedence relationship, depending on the positioning of the head and the tail of the sequence arrow. The relationships are:
  1. Start of activity depends on finish of preceding activity, either immediately or after a lapse of time
  2. Finish of activity depends on finish of preceding activity, either immediately or after a lapse of time
  3. Start of activity depends on start of preceding activity, either immediately or after a lapse of time
  4. Finish of activity depends on start of preceding activity, either immediately or after a lapse of time.
[D04471]

N

 APM
BS
Precedence Notation
The means of describing project work flow. It is sometimes called Activity on Node notation. Graphically, precedence networks are represented by using descriptive boxes and connecting arrows to denote the flow of work. [D01235]

N

 WST
PMST
Precedence Relationship
The term used in the precedence diagramming method for a logical relationship. In current usage, however, precedence relationship, logical relationship, and dependency are widely used interchangeably regardless of the diagramming method in use. [D01236]

N

 PMK96
Preceding Event
In an activity-on-arrow network, an event at the beginning of an activity. [D04472]

N

 APM
BS
Precision
The degree to which a measurement is reproducible. See also Accuracy. [D06106]

JN

 101
Consistency, i.e. the value of repeated measurements that are clustered and have little scatter.
Editor's Note: See also Accuracy. Precise measurements are not necessarily accurate. [D06107]

N

 SU
Predecessor
An activity that must be completed (or be partially completed) before a specified activity can begin is called a predecessor. The combination of all predecessor and successor relationships among the project activities forms a network. This network can be analyzed to determine the critical path and other project scheduling implications. [D01237]

N

 WST
PMST
Predecessor Activity
Either
  1. In the arrow diagramming method, the activity which enters a node.
  2. In the precedence diagramming method, the "from" activity.
[D01238]

JN

 PMK96
Any activity that exists on a common path with the activity in question and occurs before the activity in question. [D01239]

N

 PMK87
In the precedence diagramming method it is the "from activity," or the activity which logically precedes the current activity. [D01240]

N

 WST
Definitions for page P05: 52

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