Wideman Comparative Glossary of Common Project Management Terms v3.1 is copyright by R. Max Wideman, March 2002.

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Definition     Editor's Choice
Project Manual
See Project Policies/Procedures. [D01465]

Project Matrix
An organization matrix that is project based in which the functional structures are duplicated in each project. [D01466]

Project Milestone
An important or key event in the project plan. See Milestone. [D01467]

 CPMUSC 176-8
Project Mission Statement
A summary of the overall goal and purpose of the project, identifying the client and outlining the general approach to be followed in doing the work. [D02324]

 PPS&C p36
Project Monitoring
Comparison of current project status with what was planned to be done to identify and report any deviations. [D04489]

Project Network Diagram
Any schematic display of the logical relationships of project activities. Always drawn from left to right to reflect project chronology. Often incorrectly referred to as a "PERT chart." [D01468]

Drawn from left to right to show project chronology, a Project Network Diagram displays the logical relationships between project activities. [D01469]

Project Network Techniques
Group of techniques that, for the description, analysis, planning and control of projects, considers the logical inter relationships of all project activities The group includes techniques concerned with time, resources, costs and other influencing factors, e.g. uncertainty.
Note: The terms "program evaluation and review technique" (PERT), "critical path analysis" (CPA), "critical path method" (CPM) and "precedence method" refer to particular techniques and should not be used as synonyms for project network. [D04490]

Project Objective
Required total result or effect of a project. (See Project Goal.) [D01470]

Project Objectives
Project scope expressed in terms of outputs, required resources and timing. [D01471]

Project Office
A designated location where the administrative work of the project is conducted and the project management skills (resources) such as cost accounting, estimating, scheduling, public relations, etc. are retained. Usually only economically possible on large projects. On smaller projects, lesser resources are sometimes included in a "War Room". [D03196]

A group within an organization responsible for supply, support, and internal consulting to ensure that projects are carried out consistently and successfully in accordance with company strategies.
Editor's Note: This definition should more properly be titled "Program Office". [D04354]

The aggregate of individuals assigned the primary responsibility for software acquisition in the contracted effort. A project office may vary in size from a single individual assigned part time to a large organization assigned full time. [D05206]

Project Organization
The orderly structuring of project participants. [D01474]

A temporary organization created for the purpose of carrying through a project. [D01472]

The form of organization in which all or nearly all the people working on a project report to the project manager. [D01473]

 SPM 304-9
The way the organization is configured structurally. The type of organization in which, and by which, a project is managed should be appropriate to the project's Key Performance Indicators and Critical Success Factors. The form of organization will strongly influence the way project management is to be applied. [D03752]

The structure, roles and responsibilities of the project team and its interfaces to the outside word. [D03922]

A structure that is created or evolves to serve the project and its participants, and refers to the roles and responsibilities of the project team and its interfaces to the outside world. [D04491]

Project Oriented
Typically organizations who have a predisposition to use projects as their corporate business approach, or are otherwise heavily involved on project work, or to individuals who are familiar with project management tools and techniques and are comfortable with their use. [D03197]

Project Output
Quantified result of a project. [D01475]

Project Performance
The direct results of intended actions within the project setting. [D05077]

Project Personnel
Those members of a project team employed directly by the organization responsible for a project. [D01476]

Project Phase
The division of a project time frame (or project life cycle) into the largest logical collection of related activities. [D01480]

A collection of logically related project activities, usually culminating in the completion of a major deliverable. [D01477]

A group of related project activities that come together with the completion of a deliverable. [D01478]

Part of project work limited in time. [D01479]

A major logical grouping of work on a project. A phase also represents the completion of a major deliverable or set of related deliverables. On an IS development project logical phases might be planning, analysis, design, construct (including testing) and implementation. [D05078]

Project Plan
A management summary document that gives the essentials of a project in terms of its objectives, justification, and how the objectives are to be achieved. It should describe how all the major activities under each project management function are to be accomplished, including that of overall project control. The project plan will evolve through successive stages of the project life cycle. Prior to project implementation, for example, it maybe referred to as a Project Brief. See also Baseline, Baseline Concept and Project Charter. [D01484]

A document for management purposes that gives the basics of a project in terms of its objectives, justification, and how the objectives are to be achieved. This document is used as a record of decisions and a means of communication among stakeholders. [D01481]

A formal, approved document used to guide both project execution and project control. The primary uses of the project plan are to document planning assumptions and decisions, to facilitate communication among stakeholders, and to document approved scope, cost, and schedule baselines. [D01482]

The entire plan for a project, consisting of the work breakdown structure, network diagram, and task budgets, but sometimes taken to mean only the network diagram. [D01483]

 SPM 304-9
The overall plan for accomplishing the project. Includes Study Period Plan, Acquisition Plan, Source Selection Plan, System Engineering Management Plan, Implementation Plan, Verification and Validation Plan, Deployment Plan, Operations Plan, etc. [D04198]

Project Plan Development
The process of putting the results of other planning processes into a consistent document. [D01485]

Project Plan Execution
The act of carrying out activities as stated in the project plan. [D01486]

Project Planning
Developing the basis for managing the project, including the planning objectives, procedure, organization, routines, finance and chain of activities. [D01487]

The development and maintenance of the project plan. [D01488]

The identification of the project objectives and the ordered activity necessary to complete the project. The identification of resource types and quantities required to carry out each activity or task. [D01489]

Project Policies
General guidelines/formalized methodologies on how a project will be managed. [D01490]

Project Portfolio
The projects included in a particular program. [D03923]

The constituent projects within a program, which will deliver the products needed to move the business forward from the current business operations to those described in the blueprint. [D05079]

Project Portfolio Management
A process designed to ensure that individual projects, initiatives, and the required resources are all aligned with corporate strategy, thereby ensuring the most value and least risk for the invested resources. In addition, the process allows the corporate strategy to be communicated throughout the organization, better equipping it to choose and execute those projects and initiatives that support the strategy, while eliminating those that do not. [D05080]

Project Portfolio Plan
A plan within the program definition statement that defines a schedule of work that includes the timing, resourcing and control for the programs projects. [D01491]

A plan contained within the program definition statement which sets out a schedule of work, covering the timing, resourcing and control, for the program's projects. [D03924]

A plan contained in the program definition statement which sets out a schedule of work, covering the timing, resourcing and control, for the program's projects. [D05081]

Project Pre-Selection Meetings
Meetings held to supplement and/or verify qualifications, data and specifications. [D01492]

Project Priorities
The order of importance between adding more scope than required, completing the project earlier than the deadlines, or coming in under the budget limits. [D02203]

Project Priority Class
A system designed to aid management in selecting from competing projects under conditions of limited resources. [D01493]

Project Problem
A situation in which it appears that:
  1. A project objective (i.e. scope, quality, time or cost target) cannot be achieved, or
  2. The probability of achieving a project's objective(s) has decreased significantly.

Project Procedures
The methods, practices and policies (both written and verbal communications) that will be used during the project life. [D01494]

Definitions for page P13: 50

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