Wideman Comparative Glossary of Common Project Management Terms v3.1 is copyright by R. Max Wideman, March 2002.

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Process and Organization - to - Product Breakdown Structure

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Definition     Editor's Choice
Process and Organization
The way the project objective is reached, including processes and schedule as well as organization and resources. [D01262]

Process Average
The average percent of defective or average number of defects per hundred units of product submitted by the supplier for original inspection. [D01263]

 MIL-STD 105
Process Capability
The range of expected results that can be achieved by following a process. [D05200]

Process Capability Baseline
A documented characterization of the range of expected results that would normally be achieved by following a specific process under typical circumstances. A process capability baseline is typically established at an organizational level. [D05201]

Process Control
Managing a process to a proven standard. [D04183]

Process Design
The design of a process, which may be either a management process as required in corporate management, or technical as in commercial or industrial engineering. [D03178]

Process Measurement
The set of definitions, methods, and activities used to take measurements of a process and its resulting products for the purpose of characterizing and understanding the process. [D05202]

Process Performance
Measurements of the actual results achieved by following a process. [D05203]

Process Role
A definition of the behavior and responsibilities of an individual, or a set of individuals working together as a team, within the context of a software engineering organization. The worker represents a role played by individuals on a project, and defines how they carry out work. [D04868]

Process View
An architectural view that describes the concurrent aspect of the system: tasks (processes) and their interactions. [D04869]

A type of node which possesses the capability to run one or more processes. Generally this requires a computational capability, memory, input-output devices, and so on. See also node, process, and device. [D04870]

A process for establishing contractual relationships to accomplish project objectives. The assembly, tendering and award of contracts or commitment documents. Specific procedures should be established for the Procurement Process. [D01264]

See Contract/Procurement Management. [D01265]

All stages involved in the process of acquiring supplies or services, beginning with the determination of a need for supplies of services and ending with contract completion or closeout. [D03548]

The act of buying goods and/or services. [D03674]

The process of acquiring new services or products. It covers the financial appraisal of the options available, development of the procurement or acquisition strategy, preparation of contract documentation, selection and acquisition of suppliers, pricing, purchasing, and administration of contracts. It may also extend to storage, logistics, inspection, expediting, transportation, and handling of materials and supplies. It may cover all members of the supply chain. For example, operations and maintenance needs to be supported through a supply chain management process. [D03739]

Procurement Addendum
A supplement to bidding documents issued prior to the receipt of bids, for the purpose of clarifying, correcting, or adding to the bid documents issued previously. [D01266]

Procurement Advertising
Method of procurement where a contract results from the solicitation of competitive BIDS through the media. [D01267]

Procurement Cost Considerations
A reckoning of a supplier's approach, realism, and reasonableness of cost. forecast economic factors affecting cost and cost risks used in the cost proposal. [D01268]

Procurement Environment
The combined internal and external forces, both individual and interacting with one another which assist or restrict the attainment of the objective. These could be business or project related or may be due to political, economic, technological or regulatory conditions. See also macro procurement environment, micro procurement environment. [D01269]

Procurement Identification
The identification of the different categories of procurement of which one or more may be required during project execution. [D01270]

Procurement Invitation
A method of procurement where a contract results from the selected invitation of competitive BIDS. [D01271]

Procurement Method
A particular manner adopted for obtaining the goods and services for a project. Could be highly dependent upon how much detail is known about the project's scope and deliverables and the type of contract to be adopted as a consequence. [D03179]

 RMW `
Procurement Performance Evaluation
A comprehensive review of the original specification, statement of work, scope and contract modifications, for the purpose of avoiding pitfalls in future procurements. [D01272]

Procurement Planning
The determination of what to procure (i.e. buy or otherwise obtain), when and how. [D01273]

Procurement Pre-Qualifications
The experience, past performance, capabilities, resources and current work loads of the potential sources. [D01274]

Procurement Qualifications
See Qualifications, Contractor. [D01275]

Procurement Ranking
Qualitative or quantitative determinations of prospective supplier's capabilities and qualifications in order to select one or more sources to provide proposed material/service. [D01276]

Procurement Relationship with CWBS
The relationship of services or items to be procured with the overall work, and their interface with any other project activities. [D01277]

Procurement Response
Communications, positive or negative from prospective suppliers in response to the request to supply material/ services. [D01278]

Procurement Source Evaluation
Overall review of capabilities and ranking of prospective suppliers either to request proposals or to enter into negotiations for the award of the contract. [D01279]

Procurement Strategy
A macro view of the manner or approach to securing the necessary resources for carrying out the work of the project. Procurement strategy should be established early on in the project planning phase, since procurement strategy decisions will affect the design of the work breakdown structure. Procurement strategy may range from completing all of the work in-house, or a single complete contract to a number of separate trade contracts under the direction of a coordinating (e.g. construction) manager. [D02551]

The relationship of specific procurement actions to the operating environment of the project. [D01280]

A document prepared very early in the project and often stemming from a policy defined externally to the project, for example its urgency. The procurement strategy may also be a function of the state of the project definition, and of the supplier market. It could include potential sources of supply, terms and types of contract/procurement, conditions of contract, the type of pricing, and method of supplier selection. [D03738]

Procurement Supplier Valuation
Assessment of supplierqualifications in order to identify those from whom proposals/bids are to be requested or those who are to be invited to enter negotiations for the award of a contract. [D01281]

Procurement Technical Considerations
Suppliers technical competency, understanding of the technical requirements and capability to produce technically acceptable material or services. Generally this evaluation ranks highest among all other evaluations. [D01282]

Procurement, Other Considerations
Includes an evaluation of staff and financial resources, facilities, performance record, responsiveness to contract terms and conditions and a general willingness to perform the work. [D01285]

Procurement/Contract Negotiations
A process of communication, discussions, and agreement between the parties for supply of goods/services in support of the procurement objectives. [D01283]

Procurement/Tender Documents
The documents issued to prospective suppliers when inviting BIDS/quotations for supply of goods/services. [D01284]

The composite of characteristics which, when applied to equipment design and production planning, leads to most effective and economic means of fabrication, assembly, inspection, test-installation, checkout, and acceptance of systems and equipment. [D03180]

The output from a Process in tangible or intangible form. Examples include the Project Brief as an output from the planning phases, or the completed facility as an output from the producing phases.
Editor's Note: Also called Deliverable or End Item, which see. [D01288]

Software that is the result of development, and some of the associated artifacts (documentation, release medium, training). [D04747]

Product Acceptance Review
A control gate to ascertain verification and acceptance. [D04184]

Product and Market Related Projects
Projects that depend on fixing product targets, creating product portfolios and monitoring market opportunities. See also General Project Alignment, Strategic Projects, Capital Expansion Projects, and Operational Projects. [D04349]

Product Assurance
The function responsible for achieving the required quality performance. Includes inspectability, testability, process control, and related factors. [D04185]

Product Breakdown
The project's product or objectives consists of components, at several levels of breakdown, each of which deliver parts of the functionality of the project's deliverables. [D02623]

Product Breakdown Structure ("PBS")
A structure that identifies the Products that are required and that must be produced. It displays the system in a hierarchic way. [D03893]

A project's product components or elements that make up the overall deliverable assembled into some hierarchical arrangement that facilitates project management tracking and control. [D01289]

A product orientated hierarchical breakdown of the project into its constituent items without the tasks/work packaging being developed. See also Work Breakdown Structure. [D03740]

The structured decomposition of the product into entities of the product. The WBS without the verbs. [D04186]

A hierarchy of deliverable products which are required to be produced on the project. It forms the base document from which the execution strategy and product-based work breakdown structure may be derived. It provides a guide for configuration control documentation. [D04474]

Definitions for page P06: 51

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