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Wideman Comparative Wideman Comparative Glossary of Common Project Management Terms v5.5 is copyright © R. Max Wideman, 2000-2017.

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Last updated 12-22-17

Master Glossary
Priority   - to -   Process
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Term
Definition     Editor's Choice
Cat Source
Priority
Something given or meriting attention before competing alternatives. [D03167]

N

 Webster
Priority Ranking
Items assembled in order according to their relative priority. [D03168]

N

 RMW
Priority Rule
A rule used to determine the order of processing in resource scheduling algorithms. [D01247]

JN

 WST
Privity of Contract
A legal concept that refers to the relationship between all parties in a contract. In subcontracting, the prime buyer has no contractual relationship with subcontractors.
Editor's Note: True that a buyer's contract has no direct relationship with a seller's subcontractor, but the buyer's contract can include clauses that requires the contractor to bind its subcontractors to the same terms and conditions. [D04180]

FGJN
CHMT

 CSM
The legal relationship and responsibilities between parties to the same contract. [D06112]

JN

 PMTWG
Pro forma
A foreign term literally meaning "For the sake of change". However, the term is usually used in project management to mean a standard way of working out some kind of financial calculation such as a project financial cost/benefit or investment return calculation. [D02642]

FGJN

 RMW
Projected or anticipated, usually applied to financial data such as balance sheets and income statements. [D01248]

N

 OTOB 271-4
Proactive
Acting in anticipation of future problems, needs, or changes. [D03169]

N

 Webster
Proactive Management
Taking actions to ensure future events will happen as planned. Examples include expeditors and long lead procurement. [D04181]

GJ

 CSM
Probabilistic Dependencies
Dependencies between activities that indicate alternative sequences of logic that have probabilities attached to them. [D03890]

GJ

 PNG
Probabilistic Network
Network containing alternative paths with which probabilities are associated. [D04588]

JN

 APM
BS
Probabilistic Networks
Networks that comprise probabilistic rather than deterministic relationships between activities. [D03891]

JN

 PNG
Probability
The likelihood of occurrence. The ratio of the number of chances by which an event may happen (or not happen) to the sum of the chances of both happening and not happening. [D01250]

GJN

 RMH
Likelihood of a risk occurring. [D01249]

N

 WST
Usually used in the context of project risk as a measure of the likelihood of a risk occurring. [D03892]

JN

 PNG
The likelihood or degree of certainty of a particular occurrence taking place during a specified time period. Independent probabilities relate to events which do not depend on other events which have occurred previously. Dependent probabilities are the probabilities of occurrence once previous specified events have occurred. [D05044]

JN

 RAMP
Probability and Impact Matrix
A common way to determine whether a risk is considered low, moderate, or high by combining the two dimensions of a risk, i.e. its probability of occurrence, and its impact on objectives if it occurs. [D05570]

JN

 PMK00
Probability Assessment
Part of project risk management in which estimates are made of the relative probabilities of identified risk events. [D03170]

JN

 RMW
Probability Distribution
A distribution which relates a range of particular outcomes to their likelihood. The most common probability distribution is the normal distribution which is shaped like the cross-section of a bell. [D05045]

JN

 RAMP
Probability of Acceptance
That percentage of inspection lots expected to be accepted when the lots are subjected to a specific sampling plan. [D01251]

JN

 MIL-STD 109A
QMPP
Probability of Occurrence
The likelihood of something happening. One of three factors in the determination of project risk quantification, namely: Risk Event; Risk Probability; and Amount at Stake. [D03171]

GJN

 RMW
Probity
The consideration of ethical issues relating to procurement. Some general principles include: [D05417]

GJ

 TGPM
Problem
A question raised for inquiry, consideration, or solution. An intricate unsettled issue which is a source of perplexity, distress, or vexation, and that may be difficult to understand or accept. [D03173]

GJN

 Webster
Problem Analysis Report ("PAR")
A report made by the responsible manager to explain a significant cost or schedule variance, its probable impact on the project, and the corrective actions to be taken to resolve the problem(s). [D04651]

GJN

 QWF
Problem Resolution
The interaction between the project manager and an individual team member with the goal of finding a solution to a technical or personal problem that affects project accomplishment. [D01252]

JN

 PMK87
Problem Solving
A systematic process for arriving at a solution. [D03174]

JN

 RMW
Finding ways to overcome or get around obstacles to progress. [D02326]

N

 PPS&C p43
In deductive mode, the thinking migrates logically from a problem situation to a particular solution, through the following six steps:
  1. Defining the objective of the exercise
  2. Listing the factors that constrain the selection of options
  3. Identifying options for solving the problem
  4. Listing the advantages and disadvantages of each option
  5. Selecting the best option, based on a consideration of its net advantages relative to other options, and
  6. Preparing a detailed plan for the implementation of that best option
[D06474]

JN

 Costin
In elaborative mode, an approach useful in defining solutions to complex and multi-faceted problems. The thinking advances from the problem situation towards a solution by drawing on expert knowledge. The knowledge developed in this manner is clustered under the following four headings:
  • Objectives
  • Guiding principles
  • Working assumptions and
  • Technical parameters.
  • [D06475]

    JN

     Costin
    In recursive mode, the solving of a multivariate problem by selectively varying one or a few variables while holding the others constant. This enables identification of the variables that cause the greatest fluctuations in the range of possible outcomes. [D06476]

    N

     Costin
    Problem Solving, in negotiating
    Efforts to find agreements that are highly beneficial to both parties. [D02733]

    JN

     PMH p343
    Problem Statement
    A definition of the problem to be solved for completing the project. [D03736]

    JN

     RMW
    Problem Statement Format
    A document structure that succinctly describes a need so that it can be used as the basis for a project. It is the precursor of a Business Case. The suggested outline is as follows:

    FGJ

     RMW
    Problem/Need Statement/Goal
    Documentation to define the problem; to document the need to find a solution; and to document the overall aim of the sponsor. [D01253]

    GJ

     PMK87
    Problems Early Warning System
    Some device, process, system or informal personal contacts (e.g. the "grape vine") for alerting the project's management to the possibility of adverse events. [D03175]

    JN
    CHMT

     RMW
    Procedure
    A prescribed method for performing specified work. [D01255]

    JN
    T

     PMK87
    A particular course or method of action. [D01254]

    N

     NPMT
    A set of prescribed steps for accomplishing a specific activity or task. [D01256]

    N

     RMW
    A particular way of accomplishing something. A series of steps followed in a regular and definite order. A traditional or established way of doing things. [D03177]

    N

     Webster
    Procedures
    Step-by-step instructions on ways to perform a given task or activity; may be accompanied by a statement of purpose and policy for a task, examples of the results of a task, etc. [D06113]

    JN

     PMTWG
    Procedures Manual
    A book of reference describing standard project procedures. [D03176]

    GJ

     RMW
    Process
    The set of activities required to achieve an output. [D01261]

    GJN

     RMH
    A series of actions, changes, or functions bringing about a result. [D01257]

    N

     VPM p19
    A set of interrelated work activities in which value is added to the inputs to provide specific outputs. [D01258]

    JN

     WST
    An orderly and progressive sequence of activities that may be represented by a network and that, on completion, results in the creation of a product. [D01259]

    GJN

     CCCP
    The combination of people, equipment, materials, methods, and environment that produce an output, i.e. a given product or service [D01260]

    JN

     DSMC
    A preferred and controlled method of repetitively and reliably doing something, generally involving sequential steps, techniques and tools. [D04182]

    N

     CSM
    Either
    1. A thread of control that can logically execute concurrently with other processes, specifically an operating system process, or
    2. A set of partially ordered steps intended to reach a goal. In software engineering the goal is to build a software product or to enhance an existing one. In process engineering, the goal is to develop or enhance a process model. Process corresponds to a business use case in business engineering.
    [D04867]

    N
    T

     RUP
    A set of activities performed for a given purpose. [D05199]

    N

     SA-CMM
    That which must be done to bring about a particular outcome, in terms of information to be gathered, decisions to be made and results that must be achieved. [D05418]

    N

     PRNC2 2002
    The high-level sequence or flow of tasks performed during production of a product or delivery of service. [D06114]

    JN

     PMTWG
    Definitions for page P07: 51

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