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Wideman Comparative Wideman Comparative Glossary of Common Project Management Terms v5.5 is copyright © R. Max Wideman, 2000-2017.

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Last updated 12-22-17

Master Glossary
Periodic Review   - to -   Pilot
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Term
Definition     Editor's Choice
Cat Source
Periodic Review
Any kind of project review conducted on a periodic basis, most commonly a monthly project review. [D01174]

JN

 SPM p304-9
Periodical
Something that occurs or recurs at regular or intermittent intervals. [D03134]

N

 RMW
Perpetual
Something that occurs continually, e.g. management activities throughout the project life span. [D03135]

N

 RMW
Personal Recognition
The public acknowledgment of an individual's performance on the project. [D01175]

N

 PMK87
Personal Rewards
Providing an individual with psychological or monetary benefits in return for his or her performance. [D01176]

N

 PMK87
Personalities
Relationships between people, often used in a disparaging context. [D03136]

N

 RMW
Personality Types
A way of differentiating between people based on their characteristics, culture, attitudes, aptitudes, capabilities, skills, etc. [D03137]

N

 RMW
Personnel
A body of people, those usually employed in an organization or on a team as workers or staff, etc. [D03138]

N

 RMW
Personnel Development
The education and training of employees, typically the responsibility of the personnel department. [D03139]

N

 RMW
Personnel Management
An activity encompassing: [D03451]

N

 CRMP
The management of an organization's employee affairs, typically the responsibility of the personnel department. [D03140]

N

 RMW
Personnel Training
The development of specific job skills and techniques required by the individual to become more productive. [D01177]

N

 PMK87
PERT
See Program Evaluation and Review Technique

GJN

  
PERT Analysis
A process by which you evaluate a probable outcome based on three scenarios:
  1. Best-case
  2. Expected-case, and
  3. Worst-case.
The outcome in question may be a duration of a task, its start date, or its finish date. [D01180]

JN

 MSP98
PERT Chart
A flowchart that shows all tasks and task dependencies. Tasks are represented by boxes and task dependencies are represented by lines connecting the boxes. [D01181]

JN

 MSP98
See also Project Network Diagram. [D01182]

JN

  
PERT Cost
A cost approach in which costs and time are estimated for each task so that the cost of making schedule changes can be evaluated. See also Program Evaluation and Review Technique. [D03081]

JN

 CCCP
Perturbation
Any confusion, disorder or mistake that signals a "problem". [D03667]

N

 DSMC
Per-use Cost
A cost that is incurred all at once when a resource is used, such as equipment rental. [D01183]

JN

 MSP98
Pessimistic Duration
The longest duration in the three duration estimating technique. [D01184]

JN

 WST
Pessimistic Time
Roughly speaking, this is the worst-case time to complete an activity. The term has a more precise meaning which is defined in PERT literature. [D03724]

JN

 PPS&C p341
PF
See Planned Finish Date

JN

  
PgM
See Program Management

FGJN
CHMT

  
See Program Manager

GJ

  
PgMO
See Program Office

FGJ
CHMT

  
See Program Management Office

FGJN
CHMT

  
PGP
See Pretty Good Privacy

N
CHM

  
Phase
A major period in the life of a project culminating in a major milestone. A Phase may encompass several Stages. [D01186]

J

 CCCP
A defined segment of work. [D01185]

J

 008 -3
A logical group of related tasks that completes a major step in a project. [D01187]

J

 MSP98
The time between two major project milestones, during which a well-defined set of objectives is met, artifacts are completed, and decisions are made to move or not move into the next phase. [D04744]

GJ
T

 RUP
See Project Phase. [D01188]

GJ
CHMT

  
A part of the program's life cycle, into which activities to manage the program are grouped. The four phases of a program are Program Identification, Program Definition, Program Execution and Benefits Realization. All four phases may be repeated for each tranche of a program if necessary.
Editor's Note: The actual realization of the benefits from a project's product is not usually considered a part of the project's life span. [D05036]

GJ
CHMT

 KSI
A part, section or segment of a project, similar in meaning to a PRINCE2 stage. The key meaning of stage in PRINCE2 terms is the use of management stages, i.e. sections of the project to which the project board only commits one at a time. A phase might be more connected to a time slice, change of skills required, or change of emphasis. [D05406]

GJ
CHMT

 PRNC2 2002
A portion of the project life span that attains a major project milestone [D05407]

J

 SU
Phase Gate
In project portfolio management, a major decision point in the life of a portfolio, program or project, at which a decision may be taken whether to continue, continue with modification, suspend or stop on-going activities. [D06338]

FGJN
CHMT

 RMW
In project portfolio management, a key decision point for a go/no go decision established in the life span of a project, program, or sub-portfolio and required by management for purposes of assessing and controlling the expenditure of portfolio resources. [D06086]

FGJ

 PPM
Phase Review
A checkpoint at the end of each project phase to ensure that a project has achieved its stated objectives and deliverables as planned to this point. See also Control Gate. [D06087]

J

 PMLC
Phased Planning
A realistic approach to certain types of projects, such as research, where conditional branches are anticipated (i.e. if we get that result we will go in this direction.) It permits the project manager to plan only to the level of detail that is known at the time. [D02327]

FGJN
T

 PPS&C p43-44
Phased Project Delivery
As a general template, the four phases of a project: Discovery, Definition, Implementation and Transfer.
Editor's Note: In effect, the broader project life span. [D06469]

GJ
CHMT

 Costin
Phased Rollout Projects
See Projects, Phased Rollout. [D06088]

FGJN
CHMT

  
Phasing
The process of segregating activities into a series of sequential phases. [D03141]

JN

 RMW
Philosophy
A body of truths and firm beliefs. Organizationally, it is the basis for the development of mission, goals, objectives, organization, executive action plans, and controls. [D01189]

FGJ

 TML p221
Physical Configuration Audit ("PCA")
An engineering inspection of a Configuration Item (CI) to verify that the item "As-built" conforms to the "Build-to" documentation. Results of the PCA are part of the Acceptance Review. [D04172]

JN
HM

 CSM
An engineering audit of a Configuration Item (CI) or System conducted by the Buyer to verify that the item "As-built" conforms to the "Build-to" documentation. The PCA is a method of verification. Results of the PCA are part of the Acceptance Review. [D01190]

N

 VPM p291-4
Physical Percent Complete
The percentage of the work content of an activity that has been achieved. [D01191]

N

 WST
Physical Restraint
A situation in which a physical activity or work item must be completed before the next activity or work items in the sequence can begin (e.g. concrete must harden before removing formwork). [D01192]

JN
C

 CCCP
Pictorial Display
In Scheduling, a display in the form of a still picture, slide or video, that represents scheduling information. [D01791]

N

 PMK87
PID
See Project Initiation Document

FGJN
CHMT

  
Pilot
A trial apparatus or operation used to validate a proposed solution in a live environment. [D06089]

JN
CHMT

 PMLC
A form of testing a new development and its implementation prior to committing to its full release. [D04469]

JN

 APM
Definitions for page P02: 51

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