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Wideman Comparative Glossary of Common Project Management Terms v3.1 is copyright by R. Max Wideman, March 2002.

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Term
Definition     Editor's Choice
 
Source
Teleconferencing
The holding of a conference among people remote from one another by means of telecommunication devices, e.g. telephones or computer terminals using multimedia, etc. [D03342]

 Webster
Template
A pre-defined structure for an artifact. Synonym: parameterized element. [D04884]

 RUP
Tender
See Bid. [D03343]

  
A document proposing to meet a specification in a certain way and at a stated price(or on a particular financial basis), an offer of price and conditions under which the tenderer is willing to undertake work for the client. [D04545]

 APM
Tender and Award Stage
That part of the project life-cycle during which construction contractors are invited to prepare and submit bids, a selection is made and contracts are awarded. See also implementation phase. [D02023]

 CCCP
Tender Document
See Procurement Tender Document. [D02024]

  
Tendering
See Bidding. [D03344]

  
Termination
The discontinuation of a project, project phase, stage, activity, or person. [D00065]

 RMW
See also Termination Phase [D00064]

  
A buyer action to end all or part of the work. Termination can be for the convenience of the buyer or for default. [D04277]

 CSM
Completion of the project, either upon formal acceptance of its deliverables by the client and/or the disposal of such deliverables at the end of their life.
Editor's Note: A project may also be terminated before project completion, i.e. if it is aborted. [D04546]

 APM
BS
Action by the owner, under the terms of the contract to end in whole or in part, the work of the contract. Termination may be for the convenience of the owner or for default by the contractor. [D05132]

 PDG
Termination for Convenience
A unilateral right of the buyer to terminate any or all of a contractual effort for any reason at any time.
Editor's Note: However, there may well be costs associated with this type of termination such as the contractor's foregone profit. [D04278]

 CSM
Termination for Default
Buyer action to cancel a procurement that is not meeting contract requirements. Default relates to failure of the contractor to perform contract work within the specified time or any other provisions of the contract. [D04279]

 CSM
Termination Phase
The fourth and final phase in the generic project life cycle. Also known as Final or Closeout Phase. [D02025]

 PMK87
Termination Team
A project team responsible for wrapping up the administrative details of a project. [D02026]

 OTOB 271-4
Terminology
The technical or special terms used in, or peculiar to, a business, art, science, discipline, field, trade, or special subject. [D03345]

 Webster
Terms of Reference ("ToR")
A specification of a team member's responsibilities and authorities within the project. [D04547]

 APM
Test
Any procedure designed to obtain, verify, or provide data for the evaluation of a system, service or product. [D03701]

 RMW
A discipline in the software-engineering process whose purpose is to integrate and test the system. [D04781]

 RUP
Test and Evaluation ("T&E")
Measurement and evaluation of system performance compared to specifications. [D04280]

 CSM
Test Case
A set of test inputs, execution conditions, and expected results developed for a particular objective, such as to exercise a particular program path or to verify compliance with a specific requirement. [D04885]

 RUP
Test Coverage
The degree to which a given test or set of tests addresses all specified test cases for a given system or component. [D04782]

 RUP
Test Criteria
Standards by which test results and outcomes are judged. [D03353]

 PMDT
Test Plan
A description of the tests needed to complete a project properly. [D03354]

 PMDT
A document that describes the approach to all development, integration, qualification, and acceptance testing. The term "Test Plan" is usually preceded by one of the following modifiers: system, subsystem, assembly, subassembly, module, etc. Usually part of the System Engineering Management Plan. [D04281]

 CSM
Test Procedure
A test procedure is a set of detailed instructions for the set-up, execution, and evaluation of results for a given test case. [D04783]

 RUP
Test Procedures
Step by step instructions for the testing to the test plan. Defines test equipment to be used, calibration requirements, test facility requirements, and other factors. [D04282]

 CSM
Test Readiness Review ("TRR")
A series of joint Buyer/Seller control gates at which the buyer concurs that the seller is ready to conduct official "sell-off " tests during which official verification data will be produced. Each TRR is the decision point for approval to proceed with planned qualification tests or acceptance tests to verify that performance specifications have been satisfied in accordance with the verification plan. [D02027]

 VPM 291-4
Testing
That element of inspection that determines the properties or elements, including functional operation of supplies or their components, by the application of established scientific principles and procedures. [D02028]

 FAR 46.101
QMPP
Tetrad Trade-off
The graphical representation of the need to balance the objectives (or constraints) of scope, quality (grade), time and cost. [D02029]

 FWH
TF
See Total Float

  
The Plan
A document or group of documents that constitutes all the plans for the project, frequently contained in a notebook or series of notebooks. [D02030]

 SPM 304-9
Theoretical Minimum Cost
A cost derived solely from an assessment of the cost of the work involved without taking into consideration any practical considerations such as reduced productivity due to the learning curve, normal startup and delays, and so on. [D03346]

 RMW
Theory
A means to organize experience. [D03355]

 PMDT
The general or abstract principles of a body of fact, a science, or an art. A belief, policy, or procedure proposed or followed as the basis of action. A plausible or scientifically acceptable general principle or body of principles offered to explain phenomena. A hypothesis assumed for the sake of argument or investigation. An unproved assumption. [D03347]

 Webster
Theory of Constraints ("TOC")
A four-step management philosophy developed by Dr. Eli Goldratt that involves:
  1. Identifying the system's constraints
  2. Working to exploit those constraints (either through strengthening the constraint or getting maximum performance out of the key constraint)
  3. Subordinating everything else to the above decision (given the key constraint, all operational decisions involve improving the processes as much as possible relative to this controlling constraint, e.g. a bottleneck in a production process).
  4. Working to elevate the constraint (improve or eliminate the bottleneck and then reexamine the system).
Once the critical constraint is eliminated, a new constraint will arise to take its place. So the process continues until the smallest level constraint is identified that can impact on the whole system. In project management, the key constraint (using TOC ideas) is the critical path of the project since it determines the length of the project and hence is the key constraint. TOC is used in the critical chain approach as an alternative to CPM or PERT for determining the length of a project by using critical resource control and application. [D04523]

 34
Third Party Claim
Claims against either the owner or the contractor by persons not party to the contract. [D05133]

 PDG
Three Duration Technique
A method for reducing estimating uncertainty. Three durations are estimated; optimistic, most likely and pessimistic. Either a beta distribution is then used to calculate the estimated duration which is used in a critical path analysis, or Monte Carlo simulations are used to calculate a distribution for the overall project duration. [D02031]

 PNG
Thresholds
Monetary, time, or resource values used as parameters, which if breached will cause some type of management action to occur. [D04664]

 QWF
Tied Activities
Activities that have to be performed sequentially or within a predetermined time of each other. [D04548]

 APM
BS
Tied Activity
An activity that must start within a specified time or immediately after its predecessor's completion. [D02032]

 PMK87
Tiger Team
A team established to focus on visibility, status, evaluation, and recommendations by experts relative to an area of concern. [D04283]

 CSM
Time
See also Time Management. [D02033]

  
The measure of duration. [D02034]

 FWH
Time Analysis
The process of calculating the early and late dates for each activity on a project, based on the duration of the activities and the logical relations between them. [D02035]

 WST
Time and Material Contract ("T&M")
A contractual form in which the customer agrees to pay the contractor for all time and material used on the project, including a fee as a percentage of all project costs. [D02036]

 SPM 304-9
Time and Motion Study
A study of the various motions in a piece of discrete and repeatable work and the time involved in each element for purposes of reducing the overall time or improving the procedure. [D03356]

 RMW
Time Based Network
A linked bar chart, a bar chart that shows the logical and time relationships between activities. [D04549]

 APM
BS
Time Box
The calendar limits within which an activity is required or expected to occur. [D03348]

 RMW
Definitions for page T02: 50


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