Wideman Comparative Glossary of Common Project Management Terms v3.1 is copyright by R. Max Wideman, March 2002.

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ABC - to - Acquisition Plan

Definition     Editorís Choice
See Activity Based Costing

See Activity Based Management

Abstract Resource
Imaginary resource introduced so that its availability and activity requirement gives an extra means of control. For example, two jobs not being worked upon simultaneously in order to obviate an accident hazard. [D04377]

The creation of a view or model that suppresses unnecessary details to focus on a specific set of details of interest. [D04796]

The use of methods for completing work in a shorter time than previously planned or required by the contract. [D04904]

Acceptability Criteria
A limit or limits placed upon the degree of non-conformance permitted in material expressed in definitive operational terms. [D00001]

Acceptable Quality Level ("AQL")
The maximum percent defective (or the maximum number of defects per hundred units) that, for the purpose of sampling inspection, can be considered satisfactory as a process average. [D00002]

 MIL-STD 105
The act of taking custody based on satisfactory verification. [D03972]

Approval (of results). [D00003]

The act of an authorized representative of the government by which the government, for itself or as agent for another, assumes ownership of existing identified supplies tendered or approves specific services rendered as partial or complete performance of the contract. [D00004]

 02 46.101
The formal process of accepting delivery of a product or a deliverable. [D00005]

The formal process of accepting the delivery of a deliverable or product normally based on verifying that it is in accordance with the Product Description. [D03584]

An action by which the customer accepts ownership of software products as a partial or complete performance of a contract. [D04679]

Acceptance Criteria
Performance requirements and essential conditions that have to be achieved before project deliverables are accepted. [D04378]

Acceptance Letters
Four (or more) formal letters written during the final Stage(s) of a project, i.e. Systems, Operations, Security, User and Business Acceptance Letters. [D03585]

Acceptance Number
The maximum number of defects or defective units in the sample that will permit acceptance of the inspection lot or batch. [D00006]

Acceptance Review
A specification compliance control gate or check point at which adherence to expectations of the service or deliverables is verified. Performed at any level of the system or process. [D04312]

A control gate at which the buyer determines that the item presented for acceptance complies with its specification. Acceptance Reviews occur at all levels in the system hierarchy. The verification results are presented as evidence of specification compliance. [D00007]

 VPM 291-4
A control gate to ascertain verification and acceptance. [D03974]

Acceptance Test
A predefined test to prove an equipment will perform the allotted task. [D00008]

Tests conducted in accordance with an approved verification plan and approved test procedures. Tests are best conducted by an independent organization and witnessed by a representative of the buyer for compliance with the test procedure and verification plan. [D03973]

Formal, pre-defined test conducted to determine the compliance of the deliverable item(s) with the acceptance criteria. [D04566]

Acceptance Test Procedure ("ATP")
Detailed step-by-step instructions for the setup, operation, and evaluation of tests. The procedure includes the approach to sampling and statistical quality control. [D03975]

Acceptance Testing
Formal testing conducted to determine whether or not a system satisfies its acceptance criteria and to enable the customer to determine whether or not to accept the system. [D05161]

Ability to enter the site of the project works and/or the necessary project data. [D02343]

The provision of suitable space and/or arrange to include additional requirements without processing a scope change. [D02344]

A listing or statement of fiscal, corporate or project cost data. [D02345]

Being answerable to one's superior in an organization for the exercise of one's authority and the performance of one's duties. See also Responsibility. [D00010]

Being answerable for results. [D00009]

Accountability Matrix
See Responsibility/Accountability Matrix. [D00011]

Accountability/Responsibility Matrix
A structure which relates the project organization structure to the work breakdown structure; assures that each element of the project scope of work is assigned to a responsible individual. [D00012]

Responsible, answerable. [D03976]

A person responsible for maintaining fiscal or corporate accounts.
Editor's Note: For one who maintains project accounts, see Project Accountant. Note that skills required for project accounting are not the same mix as for corporate accounting. [D02347]

See Project Accounting. [D02348]

In project accounting, a set of cost statements that display the current status of the project and future status upon completion. [D02346]

An unpaid liability (debt) incurred from the receipt of materials or services, e.g. unpaid invoices, deliveries, contractor's time sheets, progress payments due and payables. [D04905]

Accrual Accounting
A system of accounting in which expenses are recognized when incurred, and revenues are recognized when they are known, regardless of the time when actual payment of cash is made or received. [D02271]

Accrual Method
A method that determines when the cost for a resource is incurred, the fixed costs for tasks, and when actual costs are charged to a project. [D00013]

Accrued Cost
A cost that is incurred all at once at a certain time in a project or gradually, for instance, over the entire time a task is being worked on. [D00014]

Accrued Costs
Costs that are earmarked for the project and for which payment is due, but has not been made. [D04567]

A degree of exactness. In project work, usually expressed as a range particularly in connection with estimates of cost and time. [D02349]

A measure of performance or accomplishment to date. [D02350]

The obtaining under contract of supplies and services to meet the needs of a project.
Editor's Note: See also Progressive Acquisition. [D02272]

The acquiring by contract with appropriated funds of supplies or services (including construction) by and for the use of the organization through purchase or lease, whether the supplies or services are already in existence or must be created, developed, demonstrated, and evaluated. [D03792]

The process of obtaining through contract. [D05162]

Acquisition Control
A system for acquiring project equipment, material and services in a uniform and orderly fashion. [D00015]

Acquisition Evaluation
Review and analysis of responses to determine supplier's ability to perform the work as requested. This activity may include an evaluation of suppliers financial resources, ability to comply with technical criteria and delivery schedules, satisfactory record of performance and eligibility for award. [D00016]

Acquisition Methods
The various ways by which goods/services are acquired from suppliers. [D00017]

Acquisition Negotiations
Contracting without formal advertising. This method offers flexible procedures, permits bargaining and provides an opportunity to prospective suppliers to revise their offers before the award. [D00018]

Acquisition Plan
The document that describes the approach for acquisition. It defines competitive or sole source, schedule, funding, manpower, facilities, risk, etc. Also called the System Acquisition Plan. [D03977]

Definitions for page A00: 50

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