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Wideman Comparative Glossary of Common Project Management Terms v3.1 is copyright by R. Max Wideman, March 2002.

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File: PMG_U00.htm generated 12/19/2002 9:26:00 AM
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UB - to - Utilization

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Term
Definition     Editor's Choice
 
Source
UB
See Undistributed Budget

  
UI
See User Interface

  
UML
See Unified Modeling Language

  
Unavoidable Delay
A production delay the operator cannot prevent. [D03703]

 DSMC
Uncertainty
All events, both positive and negative whose probabilities are neither 0% nor 100%. Uncertainty is a distinct characteristic of the project environment. [D02229]

 RMW
Lack of knowledge of future events. See also Project Risk. [D02094]

 PMK87
The possibility that events may occur which will impact the project either favorably or unfavorably. Uncertainty gives rise to both opportunity and risk. See also (project) risk. & [D02095]

 FWH
RMH
A condition, event, outcome, or circumstance for which the extent, value, or consequence is not predictable. [D03704]

 DSMC
A source of risk derived from a lack of sufficient knowledge about the underlying probabilities of adverse events and/or their consequences. [D05138]

 RAMP
Uncontrollable Risks
Those risks to the project which, if occurring, cannot be mitigated in any way by the project manager or his/her team, are listed in the project plan as excluded from the projectÍs estimated cost and schedule and require the prior direction of the projectÍs sponsor before any further action can be taken. Such action may range from the provision of additional funding to cover remedial actions, to temporary suspension, to aborting the whole project. [D02096]

 PMGdLns
Under-allocation
Assigning a resource to work fewer hours than the resource is available. [D02097]

 MSP98
Underrun
The amount by which an activity, piece of work or something produced falls below its corresponding estimate, usually of cost. [D03370]

 RMW
Understanding
Either of
  1. A mutual agreement not formally entered into but in some degree binding on each side, or
  2. A familiarity with, or comprehension of, facts and/or sympathy for situational conditions, etc.
[D03371]

 RMW
Undistributed Budget ("UB")
Budget applicable to contract effort which has not yet been identified to specific cost accounts or work packages. [D02098]

 WST
Unified Modeling Language ("UML")
An attempt to standardize software programming using object-oriented design methods because of the steep learning curve involved. [D04890]

 RUP
Uniform Resource Locator ("URL")
A standard identifier for a resource on the World Wide Web, used by Web browsers to initiate a connection. The URL includes the communications protocol to use, the name of the server, and path information identifying the objects to be retrieved on the server. [D04891]

 RUP
Uniqueness
The extent to which a project, its product, activities or any other attribute is one of a kind. [D05139]

 53
Unit Cost
Total labor, material, and overhead cost for one unit of production, i.e., one part, one gallon, one pound, etc. [D04666]

 QWF
Unit Costing
Estimating costs by measuring the amount of work, or number of units, involved and applying a standard price per unit. [D03372]

 RMW
Unit of Product
The thing inspected in order to determine its classification as defective or non-defective or to count the number of defects. It may be a single article, a pair, a set, a length, an area, an operation, a volume, a component of an end product, or the end product itself. The unit of product may or may not be the same as the unit of purchase, supply, production, or shipment. [D02099]

 MIL-STD 105
QMPP
Unit Price
See Unit Price Contract. [D03373]

 RMW
Unit Price Contract ("UP")
A fixed price contract where the supplier agrees to furnish goods/services at unit rates and the final price is dependent on the quantities needed to carry out the work. [D02100]

 PMK87
Unknown-unknown
See Known, Known-unknown, Unknown-unknown method. [D00889]

  
Unlimited Schedule
Infinite schedule, schedule produced without resource constraint. [D04557]

 APM
BS
Unpredictable
Incapable of being determined in advance whether by observation, experience or reason. [D03374]

 RMW
Unpriced Changes
Authorized but unnegotiated changes to the contract. [D04287]

 CSM
Unsolicited Proposal
A proposal submitted which is not a response to a formal solicitation. [D04288]

 CSM
Unsuccessful
Disappointing, failed, frustrated, not successful. [D03375]

 Webster
UP
See Unit Price Contract

  
Update
To revise the schedule to reflect the most current information on the project. [D02101]

 PMK87
Updating
Revising, amending. [D02102]

 NPMT
Updating, in scheduling
Revision of a schedule or network to reflect progress to date. Fully completed items are eliminated and the date of the update becomes the new reference date for the project. [D02103]

 CCCP
Urgency
Something that calls for immediate action. [D03376]

 Webster
URL
See Uniform Resource Locator

  
Usability
The extent to which an item is capable of being used, or is convenient and practical in use. [D03377]

 Webster
Usage
The number of units or dollars of an inventory item consumed over a period of time. [D04667]

 QWF
Firmly established and generally accepted practice or procedure. The way in which words and phrases are actually used (as in a particular form or sense) in a language community by virtue of preference, convenience, or practice. [D03378]

 Webster
Usage Variance
The difference between the budgeted quantity of materials and the actual quantity used. [D04668]

 QWF
Use Case
A definition of the sequence of actions a system performs that yields an observable result of value to a particular actor. A use-case class contains all main, alternate flows of events related to producing the "observable result of value". [D04892]

 RUP
Use-Case Model
A model that describes a system's functional requirements in terms of use cases. [D04893]

 RUP
Use-Case View
An architectural view that describes how critical use cases are performed in the system, focusing mostly on architecturally significant components (objects, tasks, nodes). In the Unified Process, it is a view of the use-case model. [D04894]

 RUP
User
Any individual or organization who uses the system or the results of the system. [D04289]

 CSM
The intended occupant or operator of the constructed facility. [D02104]

 CCCP
User Acceptance Letter
A letter prepared by the project or stage manager after ensuring that the system complies with the user's acceptance criteria. [D02105]

 WST
A mandatory letter prepared by the project manager or stage manager on behalf of the project board after ensuring that the system complies with the user acceptance criteria. [D03969]

 PNG
User Assurance
The protection of the user's interests including the impact on the user's business and operational requirements. [D03970]

 PNG
User Assurance Coordinator
The person who represents the users on a day-to-day basis and is responsible for reporting and monitoring user assurance aspects of the project. [D03971]

 PNG
User Friendly
An interface that is compatible with an average person's ability to use it successfully and easily. A term typically used in reference to software. [D03705]

 RMW
User Interface
See Interfaces. [D03379]

  
May be described as
  1. The hardware, or software, or both that enables a user to interact with a computer, or
  2. The term user interface typically refers to the visual presentation and its underlying software with which a user interacts.
[D04895]

 RUP
User Needs
See Needs [D02179]

  
User Requirements
The requirements governing the project's deliverable or product as expressed by the users. [D03380]

 RMW
What the user needs, expressed in user terminology.
Editor's Note: What the user needs is not necessarily the same as the user's expressed "wants". [D04290]

 CSM
User Requirements Statements
A document that defines user's needs in user terminology from the user's perspective. [D04291]

 CSM
User-friendly
An apparently intangible quality of a system interface that leads to a user's untutored response being more likely correct than not. An attribute the benefits of which include less training, faster response, fewer errors, less frustration and hence better work and cost savings. [D05140]

 RMW
Users
The group of people who are intended to benefit from the project. [D04558]

 APM
Utilization
The extent to which something is turned to practical use or account. [D03381]

 Webster
Definitions for page U00: 57


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