Wideman Comparative Glossary of Common Project Management Terms v3.1 is copyright by R. Max Wideman, March 2002.

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Top Down Estimating - to - Type

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Definition     Editor's Choice
Top Down Estimating
See Parametric Cost Estimating. [D02061]

Top Management
From the viewpoint of the project manager, Top Management includes the individual to whom he or she reports on project matters and other managers senior to that individual. [D02062]

Top Management Support
The support of the senior management of the executing organization. An essential factor in successful project achievement.. [D03122]

Topical Review
Any kind of project review devoted to a single topic, such as a final design review or a manufacturing review. [D02063]

 SPM 304-9
See Terms of Reference

Total Allocated Budget ("TAB")
The sum of all budgets allocated to a contract. Total Allocated Budget consists of the performance measurement baseline plus all management or contingency reserves. The TAB will reconcile directly to the Contract Budget Base. [D04665]

The sum of all budgets allocated to the contract. This value is the same as the Contract Budget Base (CBB) unless an Over Target Baseline (OTB) has been established. [D02064]

Total Anticipated Expenditures ("TAE")
The sum of work-to-date plus obligations plus planned future expenditures, all in the current fiscal year. [D02065]

Total Certainty
All information is known. [D02066]

Total Cost
The calculated cost of a project, task or resource over the life of a project. [D02067]

Total Expenditure to Date
The sum of all costs, direct and indirect, for a particular activity, work package or whole project, up to the most recent cutoff date. See also Expenditure to Date. [D02596]

Total Float ("TF")
The maximum number of work periods by which an activity can be delayed without delaying project completion or violating a target finish date. [D02069]

The amount that an activity can be lengthened without delaying the project completion, assuming that all other activities are done in their normal time. [D02068]

See also Float. [D02070]

The amount of time (in work units) that an activity may be delayed from its early start without delaying the project finish date. Total float is equal to the late finish or the late start minus the early start of the activity. [D02071]

The excess time available for an activity to be expanded or delayed without affecting the rest of the project - assuming it begins at its earliest time. It is calculated using the following formula: Total Float = Latest Finish - Earliest Start- Duration. [D03616]

Total Network
Network plan, comprising all project activities. [D02072]

Total Performance
Is achieved when all work, including all deficiencies listed at the time of the substantial performance inspection is complete, accepted, and a certificate of total performance is issued by the supervising consultant. [D02073]

Total Quality Management ("TQM")
A strategic, integrated management system for customer satisfaction that guides all employees in every aspect of their work. [D02076]

The consistent integrated orchestration of the total complex of an organization's work processes and activities to achieve continuous improvement in the organization's processes and products. [D02074]

A common approach to implementing a quality improvement program within an organization. [D02075]

A broader, more ambitious system (philosophy) than Quality Management for identifying what the client really wants, defining the organization's mission, measuring throughout the whole process how well performance meets the required standards, and involving the total organization in the implementation of a deliberate policy of continuous improvement. [D03773]

Total Slack
The amount of time a task can slip without affecting the projectÍs finishing date. When the total slack is negative, the duration for a task is too long for its successor to begin on the date required by its constraint. [D02077]

Total Uncertainty
No information is available and nothing is known. By definition, total uncertainty cannot be envisaged. [D02078]

See Total Quality Management

The ability to trace the history, application or location of an item or activity, or similar items or activities, by means of recorded identification. [D02079]

The management and mapping of the parent child relationships of all requirements. Includes from user to system requirements; system requirements to lower level requirements; requirements to design; design to implementation; design to verification; and requirements to validation. [D04286]

The ability to trace a project element to other related project elements, especially those related to requirements. [D04784]

The ability to trace, in both the forward and backward directions, the lineage of a requirement from its first level inception and subsequent refinement to its implementation in a software product and the documentation associated with the software product. [D05217]

Collecting actual time, cost and resource information and feeding them back into the project plan.
Editor's Note: See also Monitoring. [D02080]

The process of collecting actual time, cost and resource information and feeding this back into the project plan. When there is a significant number of activities to assess, the process of tracking the Earned Value may be much simplified by adopting one of the following assumptions:
  1. 0/100 Tracking - all the Baseline cost of an activity is accepted when the activity is completed.
  2. 100/0 Tracking - all the Baseline cost of an activity is accepted when the activity is started.
  3. 50/50 Tracking - 50% of the Baseline cost of an activity is accepted when the activity is started and the remainder when it is completed.

Allowing one aspect to change, usually for the worse, in return for another aspect of a project getting better. [D02081]

 OTOB 271-4
In an economic analysis or assessment of design alternatives, certain products or certain input resources are interrelated so that increasing one reduces the others. Between such products or resources there is a "trade-off" cost or revenue as one is substituted for another.

In preparing a building design, for example, there is a relationship between heating capacity and amount of thermal insulation installed. This can be translated into a set of "trade-off" costs that vary over the range of feasible heating capacity values for any given temperature range. See also Value Management. [D02082]

Training Program
The set of related elements that focuses on addressing an organization's training needs. It includes an organization's training plan, training materials, development of training, conduct of training, training facilities, evaluation of training, and maintenance of training records. [D05218]

Training, in project management
Project management training may be defined as the passing on of procedural skills to enable repetition in the future of what has been taught in the past. The knowledge is essentially prescriptive. The benefit is in "How to do it." For example, upon returning to his or her job function, that individual can quickly put into practice the skills that have just been learned. (See also Education.) [D02083]

A block of work within the program, identified to facilitate the program's management.
Editor's Note: It may also refer to a block of funding for a program or large project. This term is not commonly used in North America. [D05135]

A unit of processing consisting of one or more application programs initiated by a single request. A transaction can require the initiation of one or more tasks for its execution. [D04886]

Transfer of Care, Custody and Control ("TCCC")
The transfer of a project's completed deliverable into the hands of the user together with responsibility for its care, usage and maintenance. [D03364]

Transit Time
Dependency link that requires time and no other resources. It may be a negative time. [D04556]

Passage from one state, stage, subject, or place to another. [D03365]

The fourth phase of the Unified Process, in which the software product is moved to the care, custody and control of the user community. The four phases of the Unified Process are Inception, Elaboration, Construction, and Transition. [D04887]

Transition Plan
Part of the program definition statement that describes how the transition from the current business operation to the new environment of the blueprint will be managed. [D02084]

A component of the program definition statement, describing how the transition is to be managed from the current business operation to the new blueprint environment. [D03968]

Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol ("TCP/IP")
A protocol used over the Internet to control connectivity. [D04888]

To send or convey from one person or place to another. [D02085]

Means of conveyance or travel from one place to another. Public conveyance, e.g. public transit, of passengers or goods especially as a public or commercial enterprise. [D03366]

A general tendency (of events, etc.) [D02086]

Trend Analyses
Mathematical methods for establishing trends based on past project history allowing for adjustment. refinement or revision to predict cost. Regression analysis techniques can be used for predicting cost/schedule trends using data from historical projects [D02087]

Trend Line
A line on a schedule or chart showing the pattern of progress that is being set over time, i.e. from measurement period to measurement period. [D03367]

Trend Monitoring
A system for tracking the estimated cost/schedule/resources of the project vs. those planned. [D02088]

Trend Reports
Indicators of variations of project control parameters against planned objectives. [D02089]

Trend Schedules
Schedules which are used during the implementation of the project to record factors which could change the future risk profile of a project. [D05137]

A review of current progress compared to last reported progress which, when displayed graphically, shows whether a course correction is necessary to achieve the baseline plan [D01852]

Analysis of trends. [D02090]

The review of proposed changes in resources allocation and the forecasting of their impact on budget. To be effective, trending should be regularly performed and the impacts on budget plotted graphically. Used in this way trending supports a decision to make a course correction, or seek an authorized a change. [D02091]

Trial Balloon
A tentative plan offered to test the reaction of a particular audience. [D03579]

Triple Constraint
The term used to describe the three key project objectives that must be simultaneously accomplished, namely, the performance specification, the time schedule, and the monetary budget.
Editor's Note: An obsolete term. There are four fundamental and interrelated project management objectives or variables, namely: scope, quality, time and cost. [D02092]

 SPM 304-9
See Test Readiness Review

Disturbance, agitation or tumult. [D03368]

Turnaround Report
A report created especially for the various responsible managers to enter their progress status against a list of activities that are scheduled to be in progress during a particular time window. [D02093]

A form of contract in which a facility or equipment is to be designed, built, supplied, or installed complete and ready for operation. [D03369]

Description of a set of entities which share common characteristics, relations, attributes, and semantics. [D04889]

Definitions for page T04: 62

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